TONICITY – BIOCHEMISTRY

Osmosis – movement of water molecules from an area where there is more H2O -> less water through a selectively permeable membrane Isotonic Solution – same amount of solute as that found inside the cell Read more…

biochemistry

bio macromolecules and their building blocks … what is the biomacromolecule of alcohol? –O H- CARBS AND STERAL LIPIDS WHAT IS THE MACRO MOLECULE OF AMINOS? NH2 PROTEINS WHAT IS THE MACRO OF CARBOXYL? -C Read more…

Chapter 3 Section 2: Biochemistry-Review

Compare the structure of monosaccharides, disaccharides, and polysaccharides. A monosaccharide is a monomer of carbohydrates. 2 monosaccharides can combine to form a double sugar, or a disaccharide. A polysaccharide is a complex molecule composed of Read more…

Biochemistry: Insulin and Glucagon

What is the normal range of glucose levels? 70-100mg/dL Describe the source of glucagon and insulin and what causes the release of each hormone •Alpha cells produce glucagon in response to low glucose •Beta cells Read more…

Biochemistry (anatomy)

biochemistry the chemical composition of living matter macromolecules composed of long chains of building blocks called monomers organic compounds carbon-containing compounds carbon the backbone of all chemical compounds; when burned turns black, can bond as Read more…

Biochemistry- Protein Function

What are the 6 classes of proteins and the location/function of proteins in each? 1) Structural- hair, cell cytoskeleton 2) Contractile- muscle, motile cells 3) Defense- antibodies, membranes proteins 4) Transport- hemoglobin, membrane proteins 5) Read more…

Biochemistry- Protein Structure

Proteins – linear polymers of amino acids – peptide bond formation enables protein formation Size of a protein 50 to >30 000 amino acids Protein Formation: 1. Condensation reaction 2. Covalent bond (shares electrons) 3. Read more…

Living Environment Biochemistry

Carbohydrate any organic compound that is made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen and that provides nutrients to the cells of living things monosaccharide a simple sugar that is the basic subunit of a carbohydrate disaccharide Read more…

Biochemistry of Cells Test

What is the most abundant organic compound on Earth? Cellulose Besides water, what other substance makes up most of the cell? Carbon-based molecules (a.k.a Hydrocarbons) Carbon has how many outer electrons? Four Because carbon has Read more…

Vitamins – Biochemistry

Vitamin A (Retinol) Antioxidant; constituent of *visual pigments* (retinal): essential for normal differentiation of epithelial cells into specialized tissues (pancreatic cells, mucus-secreting cells); prevent squamous metaplasia. Used to treat measles and AML subtype M3 Found Read more…

Biochemistry

Alanine 3 Letter: Ala 1 Letter: A Arginine 3: Arg 1: R Asparagine 3: Asn 1: N Aspartic acid 3: Asp 1: D Cysteine 3: Cys 1: C Glutamine 3: Gln 1: Q Glutamic acid Read more…

Pre-Ap Biology Unit 2: Biochemistry

What is a polar molecule? A polar molecule is a molecule with both a positive and negative charge Adhesion Water molecules stick to other substances Cohesion Water molecules stick to each other Surface tension Property Read more…

WGU Biochemistry

DNA is a type of _____________ nucleic acid __________ are found in virtually all cells Nucleic acids What is the function of nucleic acids? To encode heritable information and pass it on from generation to Read more…

Chapter 16 Biochemistry

The citric acid cycle has two other names: Tricarboxylic acid cycle, Kreb’s cycle Which of the following is(are) not involved in krebs cycle? Pryruvate and Glyceraldehyde 3-Phosphate In biochemistry, cellular respiration is that cells consume Read more…

SBI4U: Biochemistry

isotonic when the concentrations of ECF (extracellular fluid) are the same as the ICF (intracellular fluid) hypotonic there is more water than solute in the environment hypertonic there is more solute than water in the Read more…

Biology Unit 1- Biochemistry

What is biology The study of living things What is a monosaccaride One sugar What is the function of carbs Store and release energy Provide the least amount of energy but the easiest to break Read more…

Bio Keyterms – Unit 3 Biochemistry

carbon the main element in all organic molecules; often links to itself, forming chains/branched molecules/rings organic something is _____ if it contains C [except NOT CO2] hydrocarbon chain of carbon with hydrogens located on periphery Read more…

Freshman Biochemistry

organic compounds contain carbon inorganic compounds do not contain carbon cohesion water sticks to itself adhesion water sticks to other things function of carbohydrates energy carbohydrates polymers made of simple sugars glucose C6H12O6 glucose primary Read more…

Biochemistry- Carbohydrates Test

Saccharides is synonymous to: Carbohydrates What is the base formula of carbohydrates, from which they got their name? (CH₂O)n think of them as hydrates of (H₂O) of carbon (C) where C>2… N is some integer, Read more…