z- Test 1

Enzymes protein catalysts Reaction coupling ability to convert one form of energy into another, then use it to drive energetically unfavorable reactions Oxidation all energy comes from oxidation of something, and electron transfer Membrane gradients Read more…

Zoonotic Infections

Cholera Microbe – Vibrio choleraeAnimal reservoir – shellfishSpread – T; water/food CJD Microbe – prionAnimal reservoir – cattle/humansSpread – T; food/cannibalism Dengue Microbe – FlaviviridaeAnimal reservoir – monkeys/humansSpread – V; mosquito – Aedes Ebola Microbe Read more…

Zoonotic Bacteria

Bartonella spp. Cat scratch diseaseTransmission: Cat scratch Borrelia burgdorferi Lyme diseaseIxodes ticks (live on deer and mice) Borrelia recurrentis Recurrent feverLouse Recurrent b/c of variable surface antigens) Brucella spp. Brucellosis/undulant feverUnpasteurized dairy Campylobacter Bloody diarrheaPuppies, Read more…

Zoonoses

Rhabdovirus -disease -vector -incubation -clinical manifestation -diagnosis -treatment -notes Disease: rabies Vector: infected animals esp. racoons, skunks, bats, and foxes Incubation: 10 days – many years but typically 3-7 weeks Clinical manifestation: –Prodrome   ~fever, Read more…

ZOO4232-EXAM 1

Since Pathogenic Parasites rely on their hosts for survival, the population dynamics of the parasite are influenced by the population dynamics of the hosts. The host population will likely contain which of the following? a. Read more…

zChapter 12 Clinical Bacteriology

S. aureus skin, subcutaneous infections, bacteremia,endocarditis, toxic shock, food poisoning catalase +, facultative anaerobes S. epidermidis opportunistic, nosocomial infectionsnormal skin flora and an opportunist that causes endocarditis of artificial heart valves catalase +, facultative anaerobes Read more…

z- Ch. 2 Nucleic Acids

Polypeptide Non-repetitive polymer Carbohydrates homopolymers or non-repetitive heteropolymers What is nature of genetic material? Chromosomes made of nucleic acids and proteins.Originally assumed genes would be composed of amino acids because it was thought that they Read more…

z-MicroBio Final – Old Material

Koch’s Postulates 1. The suspected pathogenic organism should be present in all cases of the disease and absent from healthy animals 2. The suspected organism should be grown in pure culture away from the animal’s Read more…

z-MicroBio Final – Ch. 7,9,10

Central Dogma of MicroBio [image] GENE the nucleotide sequence coding for a single polypeptide chain, or a ribosomal RNA, or a t-RNA. anti-sense strand of DNA is transcribed into a mRNA Prokaryote vs Eukaryotes (RNA) Read more…

z-MicroBio Final – Ch. 29, 30

Virulence of Microorganisms -vs- Resistance of Host Virulence:InvasivenessToxigenicityResistance:Acquired or Induced Immunity (Resistance)Humoral Immunity: mediated by antibodiesCellular Immunity: mediated by cells (T cells)Natural Resistance: (Innate immunity)Cells: macrophages, etc.Mechanical barriers: skin & mucous membranesChemical factors: intereferons, fatty Read more…

z-MicroBio Final – Ch. 21

Mutualism both host and microbe benefit Commensalism microbe causes no damage to host Pathogenic relationship microbe causes damage to host Normal Flora microorganisms normally found in or on the body that typically do not cause Read more…

z-Ch. 5 & 6 Protein and DNA

WD40 Function: protein-protein interactions, a stable propeller-like platform to which proteins bind either stably or reversibly EF-hand Function: Calcium binding Specificity: Ca2+ SNARE Function: protein-protein interactions in intracellular membrane fusion Specificity: other SNARE domains SH3 Read more…

z-Ch. 3 Importance of Weak Chemical Interactions

Weak bonds very important to shape of macromolecules & hence biological function Can form and break under physiological conditionsMediate interactions between enzymes & substrates and between macromolecules.Especially between proteins & DNA or RNAAlso, between different Read more…

Yersinia, Francisella, Brucella, and Pasteurella

What are the common characteristics of yersinia, francisella, brucella, and pasteurella? * gram(-) rod* zoonotic disease* very virulent (not pasteurella)* facultative intracellular organism (not pasteurella)* treat with aminoglycoside (gentamicin or streptomycin) and/or doxycycline (not pasteurella) Read more…

Y2 2013 Spring Microbiology Block II

What is the primary causative agent of tooth decay? Streptococcus mutans What causes cariogenic dental plaques? Mouth acidity What is periodontal disease? Inflammation of the gums in response to plaque bacteria such as in dental Read more…

WSU Lab Exam

Microorganism any living organism that must be examined with a microscope Ocular Magnifying lens usually 10X Body Tube mirrors/prisms to make image Objective lens magnify the speciment (10X, 40X, 100X) Stage platform that holds slide Read more…

worldwide virus infections

chicken pox causative agent varicella zooster virusVZV VZV etiology dsDNApolyhedral capsule envelopelarge vzv reservoir infected humans vzv transmission dropletdirectfomites vzv clinical incubation 10-23 daysvesicular rash, fever, headache, fatigue, sore throat, anorexia, irritability, itching shingles clinical Read more…

World of Viruses: Midterm

5′ cap A cap on the 5′ end of mRNAs. Discovered by A.J. Shatkin and B. Moss in 1975. Important for translation. ?X174 An ssDNA virus with a circular genome. A.E. Smith In 1984, discovered Read more…

World of Viruses: Final

5′ cap dependent transcription Transcription of influenza -RNA into mRNA. Occurs in the nucleus. A 5′ cap sequence of host mRNA aligns with the 3′ end of the -RNA, and RNA polymerase cleaves the -RNA, Read more…

Winogradsky Column

Bacteria that fix carbon dioxide and derive their energy from the oxidation of inorganic ions are defined as what? chemolithoautotrophic Chlorobium is a member of which group of which group of bacteria? phototrophic green sulfur Read more…