Intro to Organic Chemistry

Organic Chemistry Chem of composition containing carbon and usually H,O, & N. How do we study the compounds? by Family or file Hyrdrocarbon A compound that contains only the elements hydrogen and carbon Alkane A CLASS OF HYDROCARBONS THAT HAS ONLY SINGLE BONDS (4 single bonds, 4 atoms) Alkene a Read more…

Chapter 12 Organic Chemistry

Organic Animals, vegetables, living things- any compound that is carbon based Properties of Organic Compounds non polar, low melting points and boiling points, not soluble in water, less dense than water, highly flammable Formula for Alkanes Cn2Hn+2 Formula for Cycloalkanes CnH2n Shape of Ethane, C2H6 Tetrahedral C3H8 inorganic/organic? Organic CaCl2 Read more…

Organic Chemistry Chapter 16

Carboxylic Acid Derivatives (in order from most reactive to least reactive) Acid Halides Anhydrides Esters Amides Chemically Made Acid Halides Anhydrides Crucial to Biological Life Esters Amides Rules of Carboxylic Acid Derivatives Can all be turned back into carboxylic acid w H2O (hydrolysis) Can’t go backwards (amide to halide) Can Read more…

Organic Chemistry VSEPR

Linear number of bonds: 2 Number of lone pairs:0 Bond angle:180 degrees Trigonal Planar Number of Bonds:3 Number of lone pairs:0 Bond Angle:120 degrees Trigonal Planar, bent Number of Bonds:2 Number of lone pairs:1 Bond angle:117.3 Tetrahedral Number of Bonds:4 Number of lone pairs:0 Bond angle:109.5 Trigonal Pyramidial Number of Read more…

Unit 10 – Organic Chemistry

addition reaction a chemical reaction in which one molecule is added to another alcohol any of a series of volatile hydroxyl compounds that are made from hydrocarbons by distillation aldehyde any of a class of highly reactive chemical compounds alicyclic an aliphatic cyclic hydrocarbon such as a cycloalkane or cycloalkene Read more…

year 12 chemistry organic chemistry

different compounds with the same molecular formula are called what? isomers alkanes are called saturated or unsaturated? saturated the simplest organic compound containing only hydrogen and carbon are called? hydrocarbon the what increases as the hydrocarbons increase its molar mass? boiling point and melting point during an excess oxygen combustion Read more…

Organic Chemistry Reactions

Alkene to alcohol? Conc H2SO4/H2O heat Alkene to diol? MnO4/H+ Alcohol to alkene? Conc H2SO4 heat Primary alcohol to aldehyde? Cr2O7 2-/H+ heat Alcohol to haloalkane? SOCl2 Alkene + H+/MNO4-? Diol Alkene + conc H2SO4/H2O heat? Alcohol Alcohol + conc H2SO4 heat? Alkene Primary alcohol + Cr2O7 2-/H+ heat? Aldehyde Read more…

Applications of Organic Chemistry

plastic a material capable of being shaped or formed, usually an organic material of high molecular weight polymer a chemical molecule made up of repeating links of smaller identical molecules. “macro-molecules” are plastics polymers? all plastics are polymers, but not all polymers are plastics examples of nonplastic polymers wood, wool, Read more…

Organic chemistry reaction sequence

Haloalkane to alcohol Substitution, KOH (aq) or NaOH (aq) needed Haloalkane to amine Substitution, conc NH3 needed Alkene to alcohol Addition, H2O needed with a catalyst of h+, h2SO4 and heat Alcohol to alkene Elimination. Conc. H2SO4 needed Alcohol to haloalkane Substitution. PCl3, PCl5 or SOCl2 needed Alkene to haloalkane Read more…

Unit 15: organic chemistry

ester a derivative of a carbonxylic acid in which the OH is replaced by the OR from and alcohol. ether an organic compound in which the oxygen is bonded to two carbon groups isomer compounds that have the same molecular formula but different molecular structure. monomer a simple molecule that Read more…

Chem 102 ( Organic Chemistry) Exam 1

methane CH4 ethane C2H6 propane C3H8 butane C4H10 pentane C5H12 Hexane C6H14 Heptane C7H16 Octane C8H18 Nonane C9H20 Decane C10H22 alkanes contains only single bonds cycloalkanes alkanes with carbon bonded in rings alkenes contains atlas one double bond alkynes contains atlas one triple bond Two types of hydrocarbons aliphatic and Read more…

Organic Chemistry Lab Safety

No student is allowed to work in the lab without the supervision of an instructor No unauthorized experiment is permitted alteration/modification of the lab procedure is not allowed unless it has been checked and okay-ed by your instructor. Eating, drinking, and chewing gum are not allowed in the lab. Chewing Read more…

Organic Chemistry year 11

What is a single bond called? Alkane Are single bonds saturated or unsaturated? saturated Are double/triple bonds saturated or unsaturated? unsaturated What is a double bond called? Alkene What is a triple bond called? Alkyne What is the formula for single bonds? CnH2n+2 What is the formula for double bonds? Read more…

Organic Chemistry Chapter 1

Valence Shell outermost electron shell Valence Electrons electrons on the outermost energy level of an atom Valence electrons on the periodic table The number of valence electrons in an A group of the periodic table = its group number Octet Rule Theory Atoms lose, gain, or share electrons to have Read more…

Organic Chemistry Lab Exam I

What is the purpose of recrystallization primary method for purifying solid organic compounds Explain why the solvent is heated and cooled in ice bath The desired compound along with the soluble impurities are dissolved in a minimum of near boiling solvent, the solution is then allowed to cool slowly without Read more…