Italian Musical Terms

largo very slow adagio slow andante medium slow, walking pace moderato moderate allegro fast presto very fast pianissimo very soft piano soft mezzo piano medium soft mezzo forte medium loud forte loud fortissimo very loud crescendo gradually louder decrescendo gradually softer accelerando gradually faster ritardando gradually slower ritenuto suddenly slower Read more…

Italian Music Theory Terms

A tempo return to the original tempo Accelerando increase the speed Adagio slow tempo, between largo (slower) and andante Allegretto lively tempo, but not too fast; between andante (slower) and allegro Allegro fast tempo, from Italian wired meaning cheerful Andante moderate tempo, from Italian word meaning walking Assai much or Read more…

Italian Terms – Tempo and Dynamics

presto very fast allegro lively and fast moderato medium tempo andante walking speed adagio slow largo very slow; broad accelerando gradually faster ritardando slowing down crescendo gradually getting louder decrescendo gradually getting softer piano soft forte loud mezzo piano moderately soft mezzo forte moderately loud fortissimo very loud pianissimo very Read more…

Italian Musical Terms – Dynamics and Moods

calando Literally “quietening,” this means becoming slower and softer. crescendo Literally “growing,” this means becoming louder. decrescendo Literally “shrinking,” this means becoming softer. diminuendo Literally “dwindling,” this means becoming softer. forte Literally “strong,” this means loud. fortissimo Literally “very strong,” this means very loud. mezzo forte Literally “half-strong,” this means Read more…

Italian articles of clothing

il vestito dress la camicia shirt la maglietta T shirt i pantaloni pants la maglia sweatshirt il maglione sweater la cravatta tie la camicetta blouse la gonna skirt i jeans jeans il capoto coat l’impermeabile raincoat la giacca jacket il parka parka il capello hat i guanti gloves il pantaloncini Read more…

World History Section 10.1

Humanism A Renaissance intellectual movement in which thinkers studied classical texts and focused on human potential and achievements Humanities study of subjects such as grammar, rhetoric, poetry, and history, that were taught in ancient Greece and Rome Petrarch Father of the Renaissance. He believed the first two centuries of the Read more…

Italian Unification – IB HL History

What year was the Congress of Vienna? 1815 What was the leading power at the congress of Vienna? Austria Who was the diplomatic figure-head of Austria? Metternich What were the results of the Congress of Vienna 1815? Re-creation of Kingdom of Naples, Papal States, Central Duchies, Lombardy, Venetia, Kingdom of Read more…

Italian Body Parts

l’orrechio ear l’occhio eye il naso nose la bocca mouth i denti teeth il ditto finger la mano hand il piede feet il braccio arm la gamba legs la testa head la lingua tounge lo stomaco stomach il corpo body i capelli hair la faccia face il viso face le Read more…

Italian & Northern Renaissance

Humanist People who specialized in study the humanities. Included studying grammer, history, poetry, and rhetoric. Perspective An art technique that makes different objects look smaller in the background and it was to create an illusion of depth on a flat canvas. Renaissance Rebirth – was both a philosophical and artistic Read more…

Seven ways to say "the" in Italian

Il Masculine, ends with (o), and starts with a constonant La Femine, ends with (a), and starts with a constonant L’ Femine or masculine,ends with (a) or (o), and starts always with a vowel Lo Masculine,ends with (o), and starts with z or s followed by a constonant Gli Plural, Read more…

Italian Unification

What were the four forces hindering Italian unity? 1. Political divisions 2. Opposition of Austria 3. Opposition of the Papacy 4. Discord among Nationalists What were the four political divisions of pre-unified Italy and who controlled them? 1. Sardinia-Piedmont (Italian control) 2. Lombardy + Venetia (Austrian control) 3. Duchies of Read more…

Chapter 8: Italian Unification

State that led Italian unification Piedmont Sardinia 7 Reasons why Piedmont-Sardinia was leader of unification 1. It was the most powerful state 2. It provided military strength and diplomatic ties to France; however largely motivated by territorial expansionism 3. Became the national standard bearer after 1848, even if defeated by Read more…

Father of Italian Language

Fact Dante is known as the “Father of the Italian Language: because of his influence on the language Fact Italian began evolving out of Lain starting in the fifth century, as the Roman Empire declined. Fact The first writing that is considered Italian comes from the tenth century. Fact By Read more…

italian unification important people

mazzini considered the “soul” of italian unification. Spent most of his life in exile dreaming of a united Italy victor emmanuel II The absolute monarch of Sardinia wanted a united Italy Camilo Cavour Prime minister of Victor Emmanuel. His goal was to end Austrian control in Italy and unite the Read more…