Anatomy and Physiology Anatomical Positions

Anatomical Position
The human body is erect, with the feet only slightly apart, head and toes pointed forward, and arms hanging at the sides with palms facing forward.
When standing in the anatomical position, are the thumbs pointing medially (towards the midline of the body) or laterally (away from the midline of the body)?
LATERALLY
Axial
relating to the head, neck, and trunk, the axis of the body
Appendicular
relating to the limbs and their attachments to the axis
Abdominal
the anterior body trunk inferior to the ribs
Acromial
the point of the shoulder
Is the femur in the axial, appendicular, or abdominal region of the body?
Appendicular
Antebrachial
Forearm
Antecubital
anterior surface of the elbow
What do you call the region of the body between the elbow and the wrist?
Antebrachial Region
Axillary
armpit
Brachial
Arm
Buccal
cheek
Carpal
Wrist
What is the common name of the body part where axillary lymph nodes are found?
armpit
Cephalic
the head
Cervical
neck region
Coxal
hip
Crural
leg (generally refers to the calf)
If a patient needs to wear a cervical collar, what is the common name of the part of the body that the collar is worn on?
Neck
Digital
fingers or toes
Femoral
Thigh
What is the common name of the part of the body in which you would expect to find the femoral vein?
the thigh
Frontal
forehead
Hallux
big toe
Inguinal
the groin
Mammary
breast region
What is the scientific name for the big toe?
Hallux
Manus
hands
Mental
the chin
Nasal
nose
Oral
mouth
What is the common name of the area of the body where you would expect to find the muscle named the mentalis?
chin
Another name for the buccal cavity is the ______ cavity.
oral
Orbital
bony eye socket
Palmar
Palms of the hands
Patellar
anterior kneecap region
Pedal
Foot
Why do you suppose the pedals on a bicycle are called pedals?
Because your FEET work the pedals.
Pelvic
pelvis region
Fibular or Peroneal
Side of the leg
Pollex
the thumb
pubic
genital region
There are two bones in the lower leg- the tibia and the fibula. Which one do you think is more laterally located?
The fibula!
Sternal
region of the breastbone
Tarsal
Ankle
Thoracic
the chest
Umbilical
naval
Your largest ankle bone is your heal bone or calcaneus. This bone is one of 7 bones called _______ found in each foot
tarsals
Calcaneal
heel of the foot
Dorsum
back
Gluteal
buttocks or rump
Lumbar
Area of back between the ribs and the hips
Occipital
posterior aspect of the head or base of the skull
Olecranal
elbow
Otic
ear
Perineal
region between the anus and the external gentiles
Plantar
sole of the foot
Popliteal
back of the knee
Sacral
region between the hips
Scapular
the scapula or the shoulder blade area
Sural
calf posterior surface of the leg
Vertebral
area of the spinal column
What is the bone that is commonly called the shoulder blade?
scapula
Anterior
front
Posterior
back
Medial/ lateral
towards the middle/ away from the midline or median plane
Cephalad
toward the head/ toward the tail
Ventral/Dorsal
Belly side/ backside
Proximal/Distal
nearer the trunk or attached end/further from the trunk or point of attachment
sagittal plane
runs longitudinally and divides the body into right and left parts. (median)
Frontal plane
sometimes called the coronal plane, the frontal plane is a longitudinal plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior parts.
transverse plane
runs horizontally, dividing the body into superior and inferior parts.