Anatomy/Physiology – Anatomical Positions

superior (cranial)
superior (cranial)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body; above
inferior (caudal)
inferior (caudal)
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structure or the body; below
ventral (anterior)
ventral (anterior)
toward or at the front of the body: in front of
dorsal (posterior)
dorsal (posterior)
toward or at the backside of the body; behind
medial
toward or at the midline of the body; on the inner side of
lateral
away from the midline of the body; on the outer side of
intermediate
intermediate
between a more medial and lateral structure
proximal
proximal
close to the origin of the body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk
distal
distal
farther from the origin of the body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk
superficial (external)