Classification of Major groups of viruses

Family:

 

Picornaviridae

  1. sense; type of virus
  2. example (Genus or Species) and associated infection

  1. (+) sense RNA virus
  2. Enterovirus – Polio
  3. Rhinovirus – Common Cold
  4. Hepatovirus – Hepatitis A

 

 

 

 

 

 

Family:

 

Togaviridae

 

  1. sense; type of virus
  2. example (Genus or Species) and infection or disease associated with it

  1. (+) sense RNA virus
  2. Rubella Virus – Rubella (German measles)
  3. Equine encephalitis virus – Equine encephalitis

 

Family:

 

Flaviviridae

 

  1. sense; type of virus
  2. example (Genus or Species) and infection or disease associated with it

  1. (+) sense RNA virus
  2. Flavivirus – Yellow fever

Family:

 

Retroviridae

 

  1. sense; type of virus
  2. example (Genus or Species) and infection or disease associated with it

  1. (+) sense RNA virus
  2. HTLV-I – Adult leukemia, tumors
  3. HIV – AIDS

Family:

 

Paramyxoviridae

 

  1. sense; type of virus
  2. example (Genus or Species) and infection or disease associated with it

  1. (-) sense RNA virus
  2. Morbillivirus – Measles

Family:

 

Rhabdoviridae

 

  1. sense; type of virus
  2. example (Genus or Species) and infection or disease associated with it

  1. (-) sense RNA virus
  2. Lyssavirus – Rabies

Family:

 

Orthomyxoviridae

 

  1. sense; type of virus
  2. example (Genus or Species) and infection or disease associated with it

  1. (-) sense RNA virus
  2. Influenzavirus – Influenza A and B

Family:

 

Filoviridae

 

  1. sense; type of virus
  2. example (Genus or Species) and infection or disease associated with it

  1. (-) sense RNA virus
  2. Filovirus – Marburg, Ebola

Family:

 

Bunyaviridae

 

  1. sense; type of virus
  2. example (Genus or Species) and infection or disease associated with it

  1. (-) sense RNA virus
  2. Hantavirus – Respiratory distress, hemorrhagic fevers

Family:

Reoviridae

 

  1. sense; type of virus
  2. example (Genus or Species) and infection or disease associated with it

  1. Double-stranded RNA virus
  2. Rotavirus – Respiratory and gastrointestinal infections

Family:

Adenoviridae

 

  1. sense; type of virus
  2. example (Genus or Species) and infection or disease associated with it

  1. Double-stranded DNA virus
  2. Human adenoviruses – Respiratory infections

 

Family:

Herpesviridae

 

  1. sense; type of virus
  2. example (Genus or Species) and infection or disease associated with it

  1. Double-stranded DNA viruses
  2. Simplexvirus – Oral and genital herpes
  3. Varicellovirus – Chickenpox, shingles

Family:

Poxviridae

 

  1. sense; type of virus
  2. example (Genus or Species) and infection or disease associated with it

  1. Double-stranded DNA viruses
  2. Orthopoxvirus – Smallpox, cowpox

Family:

Papovaviridae

 

  1. sense; type of virus
  2. example (Genus or Species) and infection or disease associated with it

  1. Double-stranded DNA viruses
  2. Human papilloma-viruses – Warts, cervical and penile cancers

 

Family:

Hepadnaviridae

 

  1. sense; type of virus
  2. example (Genus or Species) and infection or disease associated with it

  1. Double-stranded DNA virus
  2. Hepatitis B virus – Hepatitis B

Family:

Parvoviridae

 

  1. sense; type of virus
  2. example (Genus or Species) and infection or disease associated with it

  1. Single-stranded DNA viruses
  2. B19 – Fifth disease (erythema infectiosum) in children

Categories: Microbiology