MICRO CH 5, PART 3

WHAT DOES ‘CYCLIC’ REFER TO IN CYCLIC PHOTPHOSPHORYLATION
THE RETURN OF EXCITED ELECTRONS BACK TO PHOTOSYSTEM I
THE ROLE OF THE CYTOCHROME PROTEINS IS ____
TO PASS ELECTRONS ALON THE THYLAKOID MEMBRANE CREATING A PROTON GRADIENT
WOULD THE THYLAKOID OR CYTOPLASM HAVE THE HIGHER CONCENTRATION OF H IONS
THYLAKOID SPACE
NADH IS CONVERTED TO ATP IN A PROCESS KNOWN AS ______
OXIDATIVE PHOSPHORYLATION
WHAT IS ANOTHER NAME FOR THE CALVIN-BENSON CYCLE
LIGHT INDEPENDENT REACTION
HOW MANY ATP ARE REQUIRED TO PRODUCE ONE MOL OF GLUCOSE?
18
HOW MANY CYCLES OF THE CALVIN BENSON CYCLE ARE REQ TO PRODUCE 1 MOL OF GLUCOSE
2
MEMBRANE-BOUND PROTEINS INVOLVED IN THE ETC H=THAT CONTAIN A HEME GROUP ARE TERMED ______
CYTOCHROMES
A FINAL ELECTRON ACCEPTOR FOR ANAEROBIC RESPIRATION IS?
NITRATE OR SULFATE ION
ETC HAS 4 STEPS…STARTING WITH NADH
ELEC TO FLAVOPROTEIN, ELEC TO COENZYME Q, ELECTRONS TO CYTOCHROME COMPLEX & ELECTRONS TO CARBONATE ION
WHT IS A RESULT OF THE CALVIN BENSON CYCLE
PRODUCTION OF SUGARS AND WATER
IS PHOTOSYNTHESIS ANABOLIC OR CATABOLIC
ANABOLIC
GLUCONEOGENESIS IS A ____ PATHWAY
ANABOLIC
ACCORDING TO THE ‘VIDEO’ AMINO ACIDS FROM PROTEIN DEGRADATON CAN BE USED DIRECTLY IN WHICH METABOLIC PROCESSES
KREBS AND GLYCOLYSIS
OXYGEN PRODUCED FROM PHOTSYNTHESIS CAN BE USED IN
OXIDATIVE PHOSPHORYLATION
WHAT IS THE PRIMARY FUNCTION OF FERMENTATION
PROVIDES THE CELL WITH A MECHANISM TO REGENERATE THE OXIDIZED FORM OF ELECTRON CARRIERS ALLOWING GLYCOLYSIS TO CONTINUE
IN FERMENTATION, WHICH COMPOUND IS THE SUBSTRATE TO BE REDUCED WITH THE ELECTRONS FROM NADH
PYRUVIC ACID
WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF NADH IN FERMENTATION
NADH PROVIDES THE ELECTRONS TO REDUCE PYRUVIC ACID TO EITHER AN ORGANIC ACID OR ETHANOL
WHIC IS AN ORGANIC ACID PRODUCED BY THE PROCESS OF FERMENTATION? SUCCINIC ACID OR PYRUVIC ACID?
SUCCINIC ACID IS AN ORGANIC ACID, pYRUVIC ACID IS not AN ORGANIC ACID
CYANOBACTERIA IS A ______TROPH
PHOTOAUTOTROPH
WHAT ORGANISM WOULD MOST LIKELY LIVE ON THE SURFACE OF A CREEK
CYANOBACTERIA
GREEN AND PURPLE SULFUR BACTERIA ARE
ANOXYGENIC AND ORGANISMS THAT USE THIOSULFATE FOR REDUCING POWER
PHOTOSYNTHETIC BACTERIA HAVE THIS TRAIT IN COMMON
CONTAIN A CHLOROPHYLL PIGMENT TO HARVEST LIGHT ENERGY
WHAT TRAIT IS UNIQUE TO PHOTOSYNTHETIC EUK
CHLOROPLASTS
WHAT TRAIT DO ALL PHOTOSYNTHETIC BACTERIA HAVE IN COMMON
THEY ALL CONTAIN A CHLOROPHYLL PIGMENT TO HARVEST LIGHT ENERGY
UNCOUPLING PROTEINS ALLOW THE ETC TO BE USED …
FOR TASKS OTHER THAN THE ATP PRODUCTION
CYANIDE POISONING ACTS IN A WAY……BY BLOCKING THE ……
SIMILAR TO O2 DEPRIVATION AND BLOCKS CYTOCHROME A3
WHAT EFFECT DOES O2 DEPRIVATION HAVE ON AN AEROBIC CELL?
MAKES THE CELL UNABLE TO MAINTAIN A PROTON GRADIENT
THERMOGENIN IS A PROTEIN UNCOUPLER FOUND IN____
CERTAIN MAMMALIAN FAT CELLS (IT PRODUCS HEAT AS A BY PRODUCT)
PRIMARY ROLE OF ETC IN MANY ORGANISMS IS?
TO GENERATE USABLE ENERGY IN THE FORM OF ATP
THE PROCESS OF USING A PROTON GRADIENT TO GENERATE ATP IS _______
CHEMIOSMOSIS
HOW DO PROTONS FLOW IN A ETC IN A PROKARYOTE?
FROM REGIONS OF HIGH CONCENTRATION TO LOW CONCEN ALONG A CELL MEMBRANE
CHLOROPLAST FOUND IN EUKARYOTES ARE LIKELY EVOLVED FROM INGESTED ____
CYANOBACTERIA
THE FUNCTION OF THE CHLORPHYLL
IS TO HARVEST THE ENERGY FROM THE LIGHT OT POWER PHOTOSYNTHESIS
FOR WHAT IS THE ATP PRODUCED DURING PHOTOSYNTHESIS PRIMARILY USED?
TO HELP MAKE GLUCOSE IN THE CALVIN-BENSON CYCLE
OVERALL PURPOSE OF THE KREBS CYCLE IS TO
EXTRACT THE ENERGY FROM PYRUVATE MOL ENZYMATICALLY
NAMEM 2 ELECTRON CARRIERS USED IN THE KREBS CYCLE
NADH, FADH2
WHAT OCCURS IN THE TRANSITION STEP OF KREBA
DECARBOXYLATION OF PYRUVIC ACID TO ACETYL COA
THE ENXYMPE AND SUBSTRATE BIND AT THE ACTIVE SITE TO FORM A PERFECT FIT KNOWN AS THE ________
ENZYME-SUBSTRATE COMPLEX
WHEN A SUBSTRATE BINDS AT THE ACTIVE SITE, THE ENZYME MAY ______, AND THE AMINO ACIDS FOUND IN THE ACTIVE SITE MAY________
CHANGE SHAPE, THE AMINO ACIDS FOUND IN THE AS MAY DONATE OR RECEIVE ELECTRONS
THE SITE WHERE REACTANT BIND IS _____
THE ACTIVE SITE
5 STEPS TO ENZYME REACTIONS ARE
BINDING OF SUBSTRATE, FORMATION OF THE ENZYME-SUBSTRATE, PRODUCT FORMATION, DISSOCIATION, ENZYME RECOVERY
Categories: Microbiology