Micro Ch 5 Review

ENZYMES _____ THE ACTIVATION ENERGY OF THE REACTION
LOWER
CHEMICAL REACTIONS INVOLVED IN SYNTHESIZING PROTEINS AND CELL WALL PEPTIDOGLYCAN ARE _______ REACTIONS
ANABOLIC
WHICH HAS GREATER AMOUNT OF ENERGY PER MOLECULE, ATP OR ACETYL COA?
ACETYL COA
OCIDATION OF GLUCOSE INVOVELS WHICH 3 STAGES
GLYCOLYSIS, KREBS CYCLE AND ELEC TRANSPORT CHAIN
WHICH STAGE OF GLUCOSE OXIDATION PRODUCES THE MOST ATP
OXIDATIVE PHOSPHORYLATION
WHAT STAGE OF GLUCOSE OXIDATION REQUIRES MOLECULAR OXYGEN
OXYDATIVE PHOSPHORYLATION
WHAT DRIVES THE ELEC TRANS CHAIN?
OXYGEN IS THE FINAL ELECTRON ACCEPTOR AND DRIVES THE OX PHOSPHORYLATION
_____ MECHANISM DOES NOT GEN ATP USING THE ELEC TRANS CHAIN
SUBSTRATE-LEVEL PHOSPHORYLATION
CARBON FIXATION OCCURS DURING ______
PHOTOSYNTHESIS
CARBON FIXATION REFERS TO THE SYNTHESIS OF ____ FROM CO2 WHICH OCCURS DURING THE _____CYCLE IN PHOTOSYNTHESIS
SUGARS, CALVIN-BENSON CYCLE
FEMENTATION DOES NOT _____
USE AN ELECTRON TRANSPORT CHAIN
____ TESTS ASSIT IN BACTERIAL IDENTIFICATION, WHAT END-PRODUCT IS TYPICALLY DETECTED?
FERMENTATION TESTS, O2
FERMENTATION TUBES HAVE A pH INDICATOR, IT CHANGES COLOR TO INDICATE _____ PRODUCTION IF FERMENTATION OCCURS
ACID
LIGHT-INDEPENDENT REACTION ARE DEPENDENT ON___ & ____ AND THESE ARE PRODUCTS OF THE LIGHT-DEPENDENT REACTIONS
ATP AND NADPH
ATP AND NADPH PRODUCED BY THE LIGHT-DEPENDENT REACTIONS PROVIDE ___ AND ___ FOR THE LIGHT-INDEPENDENT REACTIONS
ENERGY… ENERGY & ELECTRONS
DURING THE LIGHT-INDEPENDENT REACTIONS OF PHOTSYNTHESIS, ORGANISMS____
SYNTHESIZE SUGARS
LIGHT-INDEP REACTIONS USE ATP & NADPH, WHICH IS PRODUCED DURING THE LIGHT-DEPEN TO ______
REDUCE CO2 TO SUGAR
AN ORGANISM THAT USES CO2 AS C SOURCE AND USES OX-REDUX AS ENERGY IS A
CHEMOAUTOTROPHIC ORGANISM (NITROBACTER BACTERIA FOR EXAMPLE)
DIFFERENT SPECIES OF ____ CAN BE FOUND IN THESE CLASSIFICATIONS (CHEMOHETERO, CHEMOAUTO, PHOTOHETERO AND PHOTOAUTO-TROPH)
BACTERIA HAS ALL CLASSIFICATIONS
___ DOES NOT SERVE AS A ELECTRON CARRIER DURING ENERGY-PRODUCING REACTIONS
ATP
SOME AMINO ACIDS ARE SYNTHESIZED BY ADDING AN AMINE GR TO PYRUVIC ACID OR TO TONE OF THE KREBS CYCLE… THIS IS ____
AMINATION (PROCESS OF ADDIN AN AMINE GROUP TO AN ORGANIC ACID TO MAKE AN AMINO ACID)
AMINATION IS THE PROCESS OF ADDING AN ___ GROUP TO AN ____ ACID TO MAKE AN AMINO ACID
AMINE GROUP & ORGANIC ACID=AMINO ACID (AMINE GR TO PYRUVIC ACID.. OR KREB INERMEDIATE)
IF AN INOCULATED BACTERIAL CULTURE OF GLUCOSE AND PEPTIDES SHOWS A pH INDICATOR DECREASE AND AN INCREASE AFTER 48 HRS.. THE INCREASE IN pH IS DUE TO
DEAMINATION
____ REFERS TO PATHWAYS THAT FUNCITON IN ANABOLISM AND CATABOLISM
AMPHIBOLIC PATHWAYS
_____ IS USED IN AMINO ACID CATABOLISM
DEHYDROGENATION
BIOLOGICAL OXIDATION ARE ALSO CALLED ___ REACTIONS
DEHYDROGENATION
AT THE COMPLETION OF THE KREBS CYCLE, THE CARBONS FROM GLUCOSE ARE IN _____
CO2
AT THE COMPLETION OF AEROBIC RESPIRATION, ENERGY HAS BEEN FORMED. THE ENERGY FROM THE OXIDATION OF GLUCOSE IS STORED IN _____
ATP
___ INVOLVES AN INHIBITOR THAT FILLS THE ACTIVE SITE OF AN ENZYME AND COMPETES WITH THE NORMAL SUBSTRATE FOR THE ACTIVE SITE, ____ ____
COMMPETITIVE INHIBITION
FOR EVERY NADH THAT IS OXIDIZED VIA THE ETC, ____ ATP ARE FORMED
3
COMPETITVE INHIBITION OF ENZYME ACTION INVOLVES _____
COMPETITION WITH THE SUBSTRATE FOR BINDING AT THE ACTIVE SITE
OLYSIS, ELECTRONS FROM THE OXIDTION OF GLUCOSE ARE TRANSFERRED TO ___-
NAD+
STREPTOCOCCUS BACTERIA LACK AN ETC. HOW MANY MOL OF ATP CAN STREP CELL NET FROM ONE MOL OF GLUCOSE
2
UNLICE EUKARYOTES, IN PROKARYOTES CHEMIOSMOSIS OCCURS AT THE _____ & NOT THE _______
PLASMA MEMBRANE AND NOT THE MITOCHONDRIA
THE CHEMICAL REACTIONS INVOLVED IN SYNTHESIZING PROTEINS AND CELL WALL PEPTIDOGLYCAN ARE EXAMPLES OF ____ RX
ANABOLIC
T OR F, ENZYMES WORK MOST EFFECTIVELY AT THEIR OPTIMAL PH AND TEM
T
T OR F FEEDBACK INHIBITION GENERALLY ACTS ON THE LAST ENZYME IN AN ANABOLIC PATHWAY
F
GLYCOLYSIS PRODUCES ATP THROUGH SUBSTRATE PHOSPHORYLATION
T
SYNTHESIS OF SUGARS BY USING CARBON ATOMS FROM CO2 IS
CARBON FIXATION
LIPIDS, PROTEINS AND SUGARS ALL MAY SERVE AS SUBSTRATES OF GLYCOLYSIS, T OR F
F
Categories: Microbiology