Change Management 1
1) about personal change (leadership, psychology)
2) creating new organizations (entrepreneurship, innovation, enterprises)
Is has something to do with organization.
Organisations perform tasks through routine processes thriving for efficiency.
Organizational change means permanently altering patterns of organizational behavior.
In companies are there ongoing organizational changes. (e.g. new managers, products, takeover, reductions, layoffs, loses)
2. Need to adapt – this poses threats to survival and opportunities to thrive, otherwise there survival is at stake.
Survival is the main point to creates change!
Organizational change is ubiquitous!
2. Strategic renewal
3. Organizational change
According to McKinsey (2008) – Only one transformation in three succeeds.
Average Life expectancy for a company is 13 years (E. de Rooij)
To sum up 70 % of all organizational change projects fail
Even the largest and most successful companies only survive for about 40 years on the Fortune 500
People are accustomed to situations and they “prefer security to the unsure, the rule to the exception, stability to instability and a situation which is structured to one which is unstructured.
Studies show that there are psychological mechanisms which are responsible for people holding on to routines and well-know methods and showing resistance to change.
Nevertheless, we still pretend that we can implement a new managerial concept, whatever it may be, with no problems at all, as long as we structure its content intelligently. And in the end we are absolutely amazed when nothing, or at best, very little, happens.