Nursing leadership styles

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retains all authority, makes all decisions and establishes one-way communication with the work group
autocratic leadership style
good for crisis situations
focuses on teamwork and workgroup participation in decision-making, leader collaborates with others in making decisions.
Democratic leadership style
can be effective with mature staff
leader gives up control with free-run or permissive style
Laissez-faire leadership style
can only be effective with highly motivated staff
The situation is the major determinant of the leader’s behaviors, flexible adaptation to needs of individualo or work group. Involves directing, coaching, suppporting and delegating.
Directing in a situational leadership style
more important with new staff
Coaching in a situational leadership style
for those who are more experienced but still need some guidance
Supporting in situational leadership style
assists in problem-solving
Delegating in situational leadership style
transfers responsibility while retaining accountability; promotes staff development
leader inspires, motivates others to follow. Leader has vision, passion, enthusiasm and energy. Leader creates and communicates shared vision and values.
transformational leadership style
Leader champions sollutions to patient and organizational challenges and provides intellectual stimulation
Types of nursing leadership power
Reward, coercive, legitimate, expert, referent, expert, informational
Coercive leadership power
Power based on a person’s real or perceived fear of punishment by another person
Legitimate leadership power
power derived form a person’s organizational title or postition rather than from a personal quality
expert leadership power
power gained through knowledge, expertise, or experience
referent leadership power
power given to others because the leader is perceived as powerful
Informational ledership power
power that results when one person has or is perceived to have, special information that another desires.
conflict resolution styles
avoidance, accomodation, coerciveness, competition, compromise, collaboration
Nurse leader steps in conflict resolution
Know the one’s role and response to conflict and amanage any uncomfortable feelings. Prepare for the meeting and select optimal time for all parties. Separate the problem form the people involved, stay focused on the issue and work on one at a time. The next step is to identify available options and attempt to mediate a solution. Evaluation of outcome. Keep in mind cultural differences and individual conflict resolution style
Goal of conflict resolution
to agree on an outcome bsed upon fair, objective criteria
Reward leadership power
power obtained by the ability to grant favors or reward others with whataver they value
Categories: Leadership