Teams & Team Building

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a group of 2 or more people who interact and exert mutual influences on each other. Share a common objective and interact with each other in formal ways.
Group roles
A set of specific behavioral expectations for an individual group members. Group members may hold various perceptions of their role including the degree to which they understand, accept, enjoy, and feel capable in fulfilling their responsibilities
Sense of identity
Being recognizable and distinguishable from other teams in the community
Team “norms”
Social rules that prescribe what group members should or should not do in certain circumstances. Formally or informally developed by the group.
Effective teams
An environment where individual players can flourish and express their individual talents and where team’s performance becomes greater than the sum of its parts
Linear perspective
-Groups develop by moving progressively through stages
-Critical issues arise at each stage and when resolved, the group moves on
Team members come together and engage in assessment of their strengths and weaknesses. Undertake social comparisons with teammates
Interpersonal conflict is common as members of the team attempt to establish roles and status
Team members begin to see each other as a team united by a common goal
Team resolves to channel its energies as a cohesive unit into the pursuit of agreed goals
Allows a healthy level of conflict to ebb and flow in the team with defined limits. Helps eliminate complacency.
Total field of forces which act on members to remain in the group, acting together or working as a unit, dynamic process that is reflected in the tendency for a group to stick together and remain united in pursuit of its instrumental objectives and/or for the satisfaction of member affective needs
Task cohesion
The desire of group members to complete a given task (teamwork)
Social cohesion
The need of team-members to form and maintain interpersonal bonds (team spirit)
Group integration factors
-Task – team member’s perceptions of the similarity and closeness within the group as whole regarding the task it faces
-Social – the individual’s feelings regarding the unification of the group as a whole
Individual attraction to the group
-Task – person’s feelings regarding their actual personal involvement with the team’s goal
-Social – feelings about the person’s own social interactions with the team
Team building
The method of helping the group to:
1. Increase effectiveness
2. Satisfy the needs of its members
3. Improve work conditions
Help the group enhance cohesiveness:
1. Interpersonal attraction
2. Commitment to a common task
3. Pride in the group
Direct interventions
The psychologist works directly with the athletes in the team in an effort to increase cohesion
Indirect interventions
The psychologist works with the coach or manager and instructs them in the skills of team building
Introductory stage of Team Building Model
Provides coach with overview of benefits of cohesion or other outcomes such as group efficacy, group cognition
Conceptual stage of Team Building Model
-Model is introduced
-Group cohesion is a product of the group environment, structure, and processes
-Use research based generalizations to explain why certain factors should be included for team building program
Practical stage of Team Building Model
Interactive brainstorming session to generate as many specific strategies as possible
Intervention stage of Team Building Model
-Team building protocols are introduced and maintained by coaches
-Duration varies
-Some monitoring occurs to ensure they are being implemented
Categories: Team Building