Inorganic vs Organic Chemistry

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Organic chemistry
Study of molecules that contain carbon compounds
Inorganic chemistry
Study of all compounds that do not contain carbon compounds
Key differences between organic and inorganic chemistry
Chemical structure
Chemical classification
Scientific purpose
Chemical structure
The main difference between organic and inorganic chemistry

Organic compounds:
– must contain a carbon atom in its structure (along with other elements)

Inorganic compounds:
– do not contain carbon atoms –> can sometimes make an appearance in inorganic compounds, known as organometallic compounds

Organometallic compounds
Inorganic compounds that contain carbon

Formed from the bonding of a carbon atom in an organic compound, to a metal in an inorganic compound

Chemical classification
Organic compounds are classified by functional groups

Inorganic compounds fall into the basic categories of:
Acid
Base
Solid
Metal

Functional groups
Certain groups of atoms (or bonds) within molecules that determine the characteristic reactions of those molecules.

You can identify a functional group by pinpointing key atoms or molecules in a compound

Table sugar vs. table salt
Salt contains no carbon/hydrogen bonds, while sugar contains many
– sugar = organic compound
– salt = inorganic compound
Categories: Inorganic Chemistry