Apex PS Chapter 24 Vocabulary Nuclear Chemistry

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alpha particle
a type of nuclear radiation consisting of two protons and two neutrons
beta particle
a high-speed electron or positron emitted in the decay of a radioactive isotope
gamma ray
high-energy radiation that has no electrical charge and no mass,
half life
the period of time in which half of a radioactive substance decays
a nucleus of a specific isotope of an element
nuclear fission
process in which a massive nucleus is split into smaller nuclei
nuclear fusion
process in which two small atomic nuclei combine to form a larger nucleus
the emission of high energy waves or particles from the nucleus of an atom
nuclear waste
radioactive material produced by nuclear power plants
chain reaction
a series of nuclear reactions in which the product of one reaction is a reactant in the next reaction
nuclear reactor
uses the energy from controlled nuclear reactions to generate electricity
a radioactive isotope used in medical tests
the change of one chemical element into another by nuclear decay
atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neutrons
geiger counter
a radiation detector that produces a click or flash of light when a radioactive particle is detected
Categories: Nuclear Chemistry