Intro to Organic Chemistry
Chem of composition containing carbon and usually H,O, & N.
How do we study the compounds?
by Family or file
A compound that contains only the elements hydrogen and carbon
A CLASS OF HYDROCARBONS THAT HAS ONLY SINGLE BONDS (4 single bonds, 4 atoms)
a hydrocarbon that contains one or more DOUBLE BONDS (4 bonds, 3 atoms)
– A CLASS OF UNSATURATED HYDROCARBONS THAT HAS AT LEAST ONE TRIPLE BOND (4 bonds, 2 atoms)
An organic compound whose molecules contain a benzene ring or that has properties resembling benzene
One of several groups of atoms commonly found in an organic molecule, including hydrogen, hydroxyl, amino, carboxyl, and phosphate groups, that determine the characteristics and chemical reactivity of the molecule.
What shape is an alkane?
What shape is an alkene?
What shape is an alkyne?
Which compounds are most stable?
A complex mixture of hydrocarbons
What is natural gas?
C1 to C5 hydrocarbon from refining of petroleum
What is gasoline?
C5 to C12 hydrocarbon from refining of petroleum
What is Kerosene?
C12 to C18 hydrocarbon obtains from refining of petroleum
What do they make from the bottom of the petroleum tower?
What causes knocking of an engine?
comes from the pre material combustion in compression step.
What prevents knocking?
a high octane rating
What is the 100 octane rating?
is a measure of its resistance to knocking
What would a zero rating be?
Can you have a higher rating then 100?
Alkane with 1 Carbon
Alkane with 2 Carbons
Alkane with 3 Carbons
Alkane with 4 Carbon
alkane with 5 carbons
Alkane with 6 carbons
alkane with 7 carbons
alkane with 8 carbons
alkane with 9 carbons
alkane with 10 carbons
What is a projection formula
shows every bond
What is the alkyl group?
An alkane minus 1 hydrogen