Organic Chemistry – Chapter 1
The branch of chemistry which deals with carbon compounds, including those with no relationship to life.
Contain only only carbon-to-carbon single bonds. The most chemically inert of all organic compounds.
Contain carbon-to-carbon double or triple bonds.
An element that has the capacity to share four electrons in order to achieve a more stable configuration.
Contains only carbon and hydrogen. Can be divided into aliphatic and aromatic classes.
One or more hydrogen atoms are replaced by another atom or group of atoms called a Functional Group.
A saturated hydrocarbon that contains only hydrogen (the maximum number) and carbon. Does not contain benzene ring.
Contain at least one benzene ring or similar structural features.
Consists of a ring of six carbon atoms with alternating single and double carbon-carbon bonds.
Compounds that have identical molecular formulas but different structures.
The formation of cis-trans isomers is a consequence of the absence of free rotation. Geometric isomers that only differ from each other in the 3-dimensional arrangement of the substituents in space. They have identical bonding and substituents.
Saturated hydrocarbons (containing only carbon-to-carbon single bonds); derivatives of methane. Noted by the suffix “-ane” and sometimes by the prefix “cyclo-“
Unsaturated hydrocarbons containing at least one carbon-to-carbon double bond. Noted by the suffix “-ene”
Unsaturated hydrocarbons containing at least one carbon-carbon triple bond. Noted by the suffix “-yne”
An atom or group of atoms arranged in a particular way that is primarily responsible for the chemical and physical properties of the molecule in which it is found. There are a total of 10 of these.
Organic compounds that contain the hydroxyl group (R-OH). Noted by the the suffix “-ol”
Organic compounds that contain the carboxyl functional group, also referred to as organic acids. Noted by the suffix “-oic acid”
Organic compounds formed by the reaction between a carboxylic acid and an alcohol. Noted by the suffix “-oate”
Nomenclature for the alchohol group in an ester.
Nomenclature for the acid group in an ester.
Hydrocarbon derivatves in which two of the hydrogen atoms, attached to a terminal carbon, have been replaced by a double-bonded oxygen atom (carbonyl group). Noted by the suffix “-al”
Organic compounds containing the carbonyl group attached to two organic radicals. Noted by the suffix “-one”
An organic compound whose molecules have two alkyl groups joined to the same oxygen atom (R-O-R). Noted by the suffix “-oxy” and “-ane”
Organic compounds derived from ammonia by replacement of one or more of its hydrogen atoms by one or more hydrocarbon radicals (R-NH-R). Noted by the prefix “amino-“
Organic compounds whose molecules have a carbonyl nitrogen bond. They are the product formed in a reaction between a carboxylic acid and an amine.
Prefix – 3 carbons.
Prefix – 5 carbons.
Prefix – 7 carbons.
Prefix – 10 carbons.