Oceanography Exam #1 — (Introduction)

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Oceanography
The scientific study of the ocean by applying traditional sciences, such as physics, chemistry, geology, biology, and engineering, to all aspects of the ocean.
Five disciplines of Oceanography.
Physical, Chemical, Geological (Marine Geology), Marine Biology, and Marine Engineering.
Marine Geology (Geological Oceanography)
The study of the history and structure of the ocean floor. It involves geophysical, geochemical, sedimentological, and paleontological investigations of the ocean floor and coastal zone.
Physical Oceanography
The study of the interaction between the ocean and its boundaries — land, seafloor, and atmosphere — and the relationship between the sea, weather, and climate. This includes activities such as the movement of water like waves and currents.
Marine Biology
The study of organisms in the ocean and other marine bodies of water, and the impact of human activities on these organisms.
Chemical Oceanography
The study of the ocean chemistry: the behavior of the chemical elements within the Earth’s oceans.
Marine Engineering
Often refers to the engineering of boats, ships, oil rigs, and any other marine vessel or structure, but also encompasses oceanographic engineering.
How much area (in percent) of the Earth’s surface is covered by the Ocean.
71%
Average temperature of the Ocean.
4°C
Location of the Atlantic Ocean.
Located between the East Coast of the United States and Western Europe, and reaches down to the East Coast of South America and the West Coast of Africa.
Location of the Pacific Ocean.
Located between the West Coast of the United States and South America, and reaches over towards the East Coast of Asia and the East Coast of Australia.
Location of the Arctic Ocean.
Located above the continents of Asia, North America, Europe, and Asia. It does not pass under Alaska or Canada.
Location of the Indian Ocean
Located between the East Coast of Africa, and the West Coast of Australia. It exists mostly in the Southern Hemisphere and is also located south of Asia and Europe.
Location of the Southern Ocean. (This is not on the review sheet and so is not on the test).
Located south of every continent (besides Antarctica) and is defined by the Antarcitic Convergance. It surrounds Antarctica.
Location of the Long Island Sound.
Located above Long Island and underneath Connecticut. It stretches along the North Shore of Long Island.
Location of the Great South Bay.
Located underneath Long Island on the South Shore and exists between the Barrier Islands. It ends at the end of the right side of Fire Island, which is the longest and biggest Barrier Island on the South Shore of Long Island.
Location of the Peconic Bay.
Located between the North Fork and the South Fork at the right end of Long Island.
Categories: Oceanography