APUSH Period 1-2 (French, Dutch, and Reasons for English Exploration and Settlement)

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Jacques Cartier
(French Exploration and Settlement)
sent by the French
found St. Lawrence River
discouraged by the harsh winters and came back in 1542
Samuel de Champlain
(French Exploration and Settlement)
found Quebec
Quebec
(French Exploration and Settlement)
founded by Champlain
St. Lawrence River
(French Exploration and Settlement)
discovered by Jacques Cartier and followed it all the way to where Montreal, Quebec sits today
Father Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet
(French Exploration and Settlement)
explored areas around Wisconsin, Arkansas, and the upper Mississippi River
Father Robert de la Salle
(French Exploration and Settlement)
explored Louisiana and named it after Louis XIV
coureur de bois
(French Exploration and Settlement)
“forrest runner”
french fur trapper in New France
Dutch West India Company
(Dutch Exploration and Settlement)
given a monopoly over American fur trade and West African slave Trade
Henry Hudson
(Dutch Exploration and Settlement)
explored the Hudson River valley in New York
New Netherlands/ New Amsterdam
(Dutch Exploration and Settlement)
New Amsterdam- New York City
New Netherland- autocratic rulers governed; there was no democracy
dutch were very forceful in dealign with Native Americans and therefore they made lots of enemies
Dutch Gov. Peter Stuyvesant
(Dutch Exploration and Settlement)
ignored the call of many English Puritan settlers for a representative government
defeat of the Spanish Armada
(reason for english exploration and settlement)
enclosures acts
(reason for english exploration and settlement)
enclosing/ fencing of open lands for raising sheep rather than free use by peasants for gardens and livestock. Peasant became even more landless as a result, and looked to America as an alternative
increase in population
(reason for english exploration and settlement)
3.5 million to 5 million
Protestant reformation
(reason for english exploration and settlement)
Richard Hakluyt
(reason for english exploration and settlement)
Wrote the….
Principals of Navigations, Voyages, and Discoveries of the English Nation
massive inflation
(reason for english exploration and settlement)
huge inflation
decline in wages
enforcement of vagrancy laws
(reason for english exploration and settlement)
land owners wanted homeless people off their land
Categories: Dutch