World History Section 10.1

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A Renaissance intellectual movement in which thinkers studied classical texts and focused on human potential and achievements
study of subjects such as grammar, rhetoric, poetry, and history, that were taught in ancient Greece and Rome
Father of the Renaissance. He believed the first two centuries of the Roman Empire to represent the peak in the development of human civilization. Was a humanists, poet, and scholar.
Everyday language of ordinary people
a city in the Tuscany region of northern Italy that was the center of the Italian Renaissance
a person who gives financial or other support to a person, organization, cause, or activity
Artistic technique used to give paintings and drawings a 3D effect
Leonardo da Vinci
Italian painter, engineer, musician, and scientist. The most versatile genius of the Renaissance, Leonardo filled notebooks with engineering and scientific observations that were in some cases centuries ahead of their time. As a painter Leonardo is best known for The Last Supper and Mona Lisa .
An Italian sculptor, painter, poet, engineer, and architect. Famous works include the mural on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, and the sculpture of the biblical character David.
Italian Renaissance painter; he painted frescos, his most famous being The School of Athens.
Baldassare Castiglione
The Book of The Courtier. Described the ideal of a Renaissance man who was well versed in the Greek and Roman classics, and accomplished warrior, could play music, dance, and had a modest but confident personal demeanor. It outlined the qualities of a true gentleman.
Niccolò Machiavelli
Wrote The Prince which contained a secular method of ruling a country. “End justifies the means.”
(1469-1527) Italian historian, statesman, and political philosopher of the Renaissance. His greatest work is The Prince, a book of political advice to rulers in which he describes the methods that a prince should use to acquire and maintain political power. This book was used to defend policies of despotism and tyranny. Machiavelli wrote that a ruler should take any action to remain in power, or that “the ends justifies the means.”
Some of the characteristics of the Italian Renaissance were that it was a secular subject – nonreligious, the Renaissance changed the way people saw themselves, and it produced new attitudes toward culture and learning.
Italy’s trade with the Muslim world contribute to the Italian Renaissance by helping the Renaissance because it Helped the economy grow and made France one of the most prosperous countries in Europe.
It was Perspective because it made paintings three dimensional instead of two dimensional which made the people look more realistic
The Renaissance theme that appears in the Prince is a guide for rulers on how to gain and maintain power.
Categories: Italian