Topic 2: Japan

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the native religion of Japan
a hereditary military dictator of Japan
the male ruler of an empire
a Japanese warrior who was a member of the feudal military aristocracy
The large family-controlled banking and industrial groups that owned many companies in Japan before World War II.
Commodore Mathew Perry
sent by president Millard Fillmore to persuade Japan to open its doors to trade with the west
Black Ships
The ships in which Perry arrived in- sails were blackened by the coal. Japan feared and envied the ships. Intimidating.
Kanagawa Treaty 1854
Ended Japan’s two-hundred year period of economic isolation, establishing an American consulate in Japan and securing American coaling rights in Japanese ports. (431)
Saigo Takamori
A samurai who lead the Satsuma rebellion of 1877 and played a large role in overthrowing the Tokugawa Government.
Kido Takayoshi
Played a large role in the establishment of the new Meiji Government.
Okubo Toshimichi
Japanese samurai and politician. wanted to establish Japan as a progressive nation
Emperor Meiji
emperor of Japan who modernized Japan in the 1860s by studying and adopting Western armies, government forms and industries. As a result, Japan became a strong power and was never colonized
Treaty of Edo or Harris Treaty 1858
1) Americans living in Japan would have extra territorial right in civil and criminal cases, protected by US law instead of Japanese law
2) All rights granted to any other state would be enjoyed by the US which meant they were the most favored nation
Unequal Treaties
treaties between China and the Western powers after the Opium War that vastly favored the Western powers
Ito Hirofumi
1st Prime minister of Japan and first Genro – ex-samurai who had worked to restore the emperor to power and who was a member of the new government
elder statesmen, the leaders of the Meiji restoration that ruled in the emperor’s name
Sino-Japanese War 1895
fought in korea between japan and China; japanese victory demonstrated its arrival as new industrial power
Meiji Restoration
The political program that followed the destruction of the Tokugawa Shogunate in 1868, in which a collection of young leaders set Japan on the path of centralization, industrialization, and imperialism.
Rescript on Education 1890
Stressed the importance of harmony and loyalty to the throne – formed the basis of Japan’s philosophy on education
Constitution of 1868
To bring Charter Oath into effect and to define the powers of the new government and the rights of the Japanese people.
– All authority vested in Dajokan
– Members chosen according to noble rank
– Giseikan (lower house) held little power
– Members were elected from each clan, city and prefecture of Japan.
Dajokan or Council of Seven
Upper house of the Japanese parliament
Categories: Japanese