latin semester 1 exam

Inscriptions showing names written in both Latin and ______ help us determine the true pronunciation of ancient Latin.
greek
The word “Latin” comes from ______, the district in which Rome was located.
latium
The chief Romance languages are ______, ______, ______, ______, and ______.
spanish, portuguese, french, italian, romanian
English might be called a “Romance” language too, since about ___% of our dictionary is derived from Latin.
60
In adaptations of the ______ alphabet, the Greeks used some of the signs to represent the vowel sounds as needed.
phoenician
The Semitic alphabet, an ancient forerunner of the Roman, was written from ______ to ______.
left, right
The ancient Roman alphabet lacked three letters we use: ______, ______, and ______.
j, u, w
The u and v of our English alphabet were both represented by the letter ______ in the Roman alphabet. Similarly, i and j were both represented by the single symbol ______.
v, i
The ancient language that flourished side-by-side with Latin as an accepted language of the Roman Empire was ______.
greek
The largest number in this group, MDXXV, MCLXIX, MCDII, MLD, is ______; the smallest is ______.
MDXXV, MCLXIX
What is the value in our number system for each of these Roman numerals?
V = ___; M = ___; C = ___; X = ___; D = ___
5, 1000, 100, 10, 500
Messages were often scratched into a thin surface of ______.
wax
Roman ships were propelled by oar or by ______.
sails
The famous paved ancient road that went from Rome to the port city of Brundisium was the ______.
via appia
The Roman Empire had about ______ miles of hard-surfaced roads.
50,000
The speed of travel did not change significantly from ancient Roman times until the ___ century, when the steam engine was invented.
18
Roman roads were marked with ______ at regular intervals.
milestones
The speakers’ platform was called the ______.
rostra
The third century B.C. is the period from ______ to ______ B.C.
300, 201
The period A.D. 301-400 is called the ______ century.
fourth
Augustus’ vigiles correspond to modern ______ and ______ departments.
police, fire
The ancient Roman name of France was ______.
Gallia
Our words “money” and “mint” come from the name of a Roman temple associated with the goddess ______.
Moneta
In its long, ancient history, Rome had three major forms of government. In chronological order these were: ______, ______, and ______.
kingdom, republic, capital
The Ara Pacis Augustae (Altar of Augustan Peace) is a beautiful example of ancient mastery of the art form of ______.
sculpture
The Roman Empire extended over provinces on three continents: ______, ______, and ______.
Africa, Europe, Asia
The legendary date of the founding of Rome is ______.
april 753 bc
The first settlement was on the ______.
palatine hill
Because of their way of life, the early Romans worshipped ______, the goddess of the shepherds.
pales
The ______ was so named because the head temple of Jupiter was located on it.
capitoline hill
The Pont du Gard in France is a well-preserved example of a Roman ______.
aqueduct
In the Middle Ages, the area northwest of the Forum, called the ______, was the most densely populated section of Rome.
campus martius
The ______ was a famous ancient race track for chariots.
circus maximus
The civic center of ancient Rome was the ______.
forum romanum
The sculpted surface of a huge marble column in Rome records the military campaigns of the Emperor ______ in the provinces of Dacia.
trajan
The Latin word ______ refers to the entire household including slaves, freedmen, and freedwomen.
familia
The coastal city that served as the seaport for Rome was called ______.
ostia
______, built across northern England, served as the northern boundary of the empire.
hadrian’s wall
The U.S. Capitol Building was designed to imitate the style of a ______.
Roman temple
Although they had been warned not to do so, the people of Troy brought the ______ into their city because they thought it was a gift for the goddess ______.
horse, minerva
During the time of Augustus, Roman grain supply was augmented by imports from Sicily and ______.
north africa
The Romans used slaves to work their ______, ______, and industries.
farms, trades
Most foreign slaves were obtained through ______.
war
A runaway slave was sometimes branded with the letter ______ on his/her forehead.
f
A city slave sometimes was punished by being sent to ______.
mines
The Romans often ______ good, faithful slaves out of gratitude.
freed
Tiro, Cicero’s secretary, invented a famous system of ______.
shorthand
The most severe legal punishment for a slave was ______.
death
Most of the medical knowledge and practices of the ancient Romans were taken from ______.
greece
A very common feature of Greek and Roman drama usually not seen today was the wearing of ______ by the actors.
masks
Alexander the Great’s father was ______ king of ______. Alexander’s famous teacher was ______.
philip ii, macedon, aristotle
true/false: Spain and Greece are peninsulas.
true
true/false: Rome is in Italy.
true
true/false: Europe is in Greece.
false
true/false: Italy is not an island.
true
true/false: Life is hard in Sicily.
true
true/false: There are no forests in Antarctica.
true
true/false: Via Appia is in Britain.
false
true/false: land is flat in rome
false
true/false: the worries of columbus were big
true
true/false: the roman victories were famous
true
true/false: tomorrow the sailors of rome will seize the many provinces of europe
false
true/false: many horses are on american roads
false
true/false: gaul is a roman province
false
true/false: sailors watch the waves
true
true/false: many roman ruins are in europe
true
Categories: Latin