7th grade Geography Eastern Europe and Russia

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Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia
created by treaty at end of World War I
Czechoslovakia
split peacefully in 1993 in the “Velvet Revolution”
amber
fossilized tree sap found on the Baltic coast
collapse of Soviet Union
occurred in 1991 and saw 15 new countries go onto the map with many now making a transition from communism to capitalism and democracy
Eastern Europe
stretches from the Baltic Sea to the Black Sea
Balkan countries
Moldova, Bosnia, Croatia, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia, Macedonia, Kosovo, Bulgaria
Elbrus
highest peak in Europe and is in the Caucasus Mountains
Danube
most important river of eastern Europe for trade and transportation
Soviet Union and United States
allies during World War II against Germany
Ivan IV
crowned himself czar of Russia in 1547
Kremlin
walled complex of government offices, churches and palaces in Moscow
Okhotsk and Japan
seas that lie off the eastern coast of Siberia
Siberia
bordered on the north by the Arctic Sea
Vladivostok
port city that links Russia with Japan, China, and other trading partners
Sakhalin and Kurils
Japan and Russia dispute the ownership of these islands.
Cyrillic
alphabet used for the Russian (and Bulgarian) language
Baikal
deepest lake on earth; located in Russia
Communist Revolution
In 1917 Vladimir Lenin led the Bolshevik Party to overthrow the Russian government.
Volga
Europe’s longest river, located in Russia, and flows south to the Caspian Sea
Caucasus region
includes Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia
Caspian Sea
valuable deposits of gas and oil lie beneath
Cossacks
nomadic horsemen who later lived on the Ukrainian frontier
Mongol
horsemen who conquered Ukraine in the 1200’s, led by Genghis Khan’s grandson, Kublai Khan
Categories: Geography