Ancient Rome Review

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After the fall of the Roman Empire, which two points of view did the Christian church break into?
Roman Catholic (in the West) and Greek Orthodox (in the East)
How did the Law of the Twelve Tables change Roman Law when they were written in 450 B.C.?
1) The Law of the Twelve Tables provided a written code of law
2) The Law of the Twelve Tables applied to all citizens, not just patricians.
What were three of Ancient Rome’s contributions to the field of engineering?
Arches, aqueducts, roads, the Colisseum, bridges
What is the term for the application of scientific and mathematical principles to practical ends?
What system of waterways is a great example of Roman engineering?
How did its location near the coast of the Mediterranean Sea help Rome become a powerful city?
Being near the sea made trade and transportation easier. The Mediterranean Sea was the center of the known world at that time.
How did its location south of the Alps and surrounded by hills and mountains help Rome become a powerful city?
The Alps and surrounding hills and mountains provided protection from invasion, and blocked Arctic winds, which kept the climate warm for farming.
Villages along this river united to form the city of Rome in 750 B.C.
Tiber River
Rome became a Republic in 509 B.C. Who could participate in government at that time?
Patricians only
What peninsula did Rome rule in 300 B.C.?
The Italian peninsula
What changed for Plebeians in Rome in 287 B.C.?
Plebeians gained equality with patricians and could hold public office
Which empires did Rome conquer in 146 B.C.?
Rome conquered Greece, Spain and Carthage in 146 B.C.
In 45 B.C., the Roman Republic ended when who became a dictator?
Julius Caesar
After one year in power as dictator of Rome, what happened to Julius Casesar?
He was assassinated (killed).
After the Roman Civil War, who became Rome’s first emperor?
Caesar’s adopted son Octavian, who was known as “Augustus”
About how many men were in a Roman legion?
By 55 B.C., the Romans had conquered Gaul. What present-day countries were part of Gaul?
France, Belgium, Switzerland
What physical feature protected the Germanic tribes from the Romans until Caesar came along? How did Caesar solve the problem?
The Rhine River; Caesar built a temporary bridge to get his army across the Rhine River
What is the Via Appia and when was it built?
The Via Appia was Rome’s first national highway, built in 312 B.C.
How did the Romans improve concrete?
They made it waterproof.
What present-day country became a Roman province under Claudius?
The United Kingdom
What was the importance of the Romans perfecting the arch?
They could span greater distances, use fewer materials, and were able to support more weight than other structures
What major Roman structure featured restrooms, stairways, water fountains, a retractable roof, elevators, and trap doors?
The Colosseum
What types of events were held at the Colosseum?
Gladiator fights and prisoner executions
What types of buildings were in Trajan’s Forum?
Government buildings, Senate, courts, libraris
Modern-day languages English, Spanish, French and Italian are all influenced by the Roman language. What is the Roman language called?
What were four reasons that the Roman Empire declined?
1) Weak and corrupt rulers
2) Mercenaries were not loyal to Rome.
3) Rome had grown too big to be rule by one person from one place.
4) Rome’s economy was weak
Describe three ways Diocletian tried to save Rome?
1) Enlarged the army and built more forts to protect Rome’s borders
2) Improved the system of collecting taxes.
3) Divided the empire into an eastern and western half
When and to whom did Rome eventually fall?
To German tribes, in 476 A.D.
Which half of the Roman Empire survived the fall?
The Eastern half, which became known as the Byzantine Empire
Why did the Eastern half of the Roman empire survive the fall as The Byzantine Empire?
It was a natural crossroads of trade. It generated money.
Categories: Geography