AP Human Geography Ch. 1 What is Human Geography

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Natural Landscape
The physical landscape or environment that has not been affected by humans
Spatial Perspective
An intellectual framework that looks at the locations of specific phenomena, how and why that phenomena is , and how it is spatially related to phenomena in other places
Earth System Science
Systematic approach to physical geography that looks at the interaction between the earth’s physical systems and processes on a global scale
Vernacular Regions
Perceptual regions; defined in terms of people’s perceptions of places
Human-induced changes on the natural environment
Fertile Crescent
Name given to crescent-shaped area of fertile land stretching from the lower Nile valley, along the east Mediterranean coast, and into Syria and present-day Iraq where agriculture and early civilization first began about 8000 B.C.
Geographical Information Systems
A set of computer tools used to capture, store, transform, analyze, and display geographic data
Pertaining to the unique facts or characteristics of a particular place
the concept of using the earth’s resources in such a way that they provide for people’s needs in the present without diminishing the earth’s ability to provide for future generations
Concept or rules that can be applied universally
Environmental Geography
The intersection between human and physical geography, which explores the spatial impacts humans have on the physical environment and vice versa.
Physical Geograpqhy
The realm geography that studies the structures, processes, distributions, and change through time of natural phenomena of the earth’s surface
Global Positioning System
A set of satellites used to help determine location anywhere on earth’s surface with a portable electronic device
A territory that encompasses many places that share similar attributes in comparison with the attributes of places elsewhere
Qualitative Data
Data associated with a more humanistic approach to geography, often collected through interviews, empirical observations, or the interpretation of texts, artwork, old maps, and other archives
Quantitative Revolution
A period in human geography associated with the widespread adoption of mathematical models and statistical techniques
Regional Geography
The study of geographic regions
Cultural Ecology
The study of interactions between societies and the natural environments they live in
Remote Sensing
Observation and mathematical measurement of the earth’s surface using aircraft and satellites
Sense of Place
Feelings evoked by people as a result of certain experiences and memories associated with a particular place
Cultural Landscape
The human-modified natural landscape specifically containing the imprint of a particular culture or society
Systematic Geography
The study of the earth’s integrated systems as a whole instead of focusing on particular phenomena in a single place
Theory and practice of making visual representations of the earth’s surface
Quantitative Data
Data associated with mathematical models and statistical techniques used to analyze spatial location and association
Thematic Layers
Individual maps of specific features that are overlaid on one another in a Geographical Information System to understand and analyze a spatial relationship
Categories: Geography