AP Human Geography Chapter 4

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Culture Traits
the smallest distinctive item of culture. Learned behavior ranging from language, tools, or games.
Culture Complex
Individual traits that are functionally interrelated.
Culture System
When distinctive places share a culture complex.
Culture Regions
Areas of the world occupied by people that share recognizable and distinctive cultural traits
Culture Realms
A set of culture regions showing related culture complexes and landscapes
Mentifacts
The abstract beliefs passed from one generation to the next as part of the Ideological subsystem of culture.
Artifacts
Material objects used to fill our basic needs, part of the technological subsystem
Sociofacts
define the social organization of a group and include all relationships including family, economic, military, religious, etc.
Culture Hearth
Where a specific culture originated.
built environment
The part of the physical landscape that represents material culture, including buildings, roads, bridges, etc.
cultural imperialism
Domination of one culture over another by a deliberate policy or by economic or technological superiority.
cultural convergence
The tendency for cultures to become more alike as they increasingly share technology and organizational structures in a modern world united by improved transportation and communication.
cultural perception
The concept that people of different cultures will differently observe and interpret their environment and make different decisions about its nature, potentialities and use differently.
cultural landscape
a landscape that has been changed by human beings and that reflects their culture
macrocultural
culturally large scale
custom
a group’s repeated act that becomes usual
indigenous architecture
architecture that is native to a certain place
possiblism
the physical environment may limit some human actions, but people have the ability to adjust their environment
placelessness
The loss of uniqueness of place in the cultural landscape so that one place looks like the next
environmental determinism
the view that the natural environment has a controlling influence over various aspects of human life including cultural development
terroir
the contribution of a locations distinctive physical features to the way food and wine tastes
uniform landscape
the spatial expression of a popular custom in one location being similar to another, such as restaurants.
Categories: Geography