AP Human Geography Language Vocab

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Institutional Language
A language used in education, work, mass media, and government.
Literary Tradition
A language that is written as well as spoken.
Developing Language
A language spoken in daily use with a literary tradition that is not widely distributed.
Vigorous Language
A language that is spoken in daily use but lacks literary tradition.
Language Family
A collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor long before recorded history.
Language Branch
A collection of languages related through a common ancestor that can be confirmed through archaeological evidence.
Language Group
A collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past and display relatively few differences in grammar and vocabulary.
Ethnologue
One of the most authoritative sources for languages.
Kurgan Hearth Theory
Krugans established land as theirs because of military purposes.
Anatolian Hearth Theory
Archaeologists think that these people were farmers searching for land, that is how they think Indo-European started.
Extinct Languages
A language that was once used by people in daily activities but no longer used.
Multilingual States
When a country has more than one dominant language.
Pidgin Language
A form of speech that adopts a simplified grammar and limited vocabulary of lingua franca; used for communications among speaker of two different languages.
Lingua Franca
A language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native languages.
Dialect
A regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation.
Isogloss
A boundary that separates regions in which different language usages predominate.
Isolated Language
A language that is unrelated to any other languages and therefore not attached to any language family.
Categories: Geography