AP Human Geography Rubenstein Unit 4 Vocab

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acculturation
the adoption of cultural traits by one group under the influence of another
adaptive strategies
technology, ecology, demography, and economics that define human behaviour
anglo-american landscape
an american whose language and ancestry are English
architectural form
the look of housing, affected by the available materials, the environment, and pop culture
assimilation
to process through which people loose cultural traits when they come into contact with another society or culture
built environment
the man-made surroundings that provide the setting for human activity ranging from personal shelter to neighbourhood to cities
cultural adaption
new people adapt to the culture of the previously existing people e
cultural core/periphery pattern
the cor/periphery idea that the core houses main economic power of region and the outlying region or periphery house lesser economic ties.
cultural ecology
geography approach that emphasises HEI relationships
cultural identity
ones belief in belonging to a group or certain cultural aspect
cultural landscape
the fashioning of a natural landscape by a cultural group
cultural realm
the entire region throughout which a culture prevails
culture region
a region defined by similar cultural traits and cultural traits and cultural landscape features
formal culture region
an area in which everyone shares one or more distinctive characteristics
functional culture region
an area organised around a node or focal point
vernacular culture region
an area people believe exists due to their cultural identity
culture
the body of customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits that together constitute a group of people’s distinct tradition
custom
the frequent repetition of an act, to the extent that it becomes a characteristic of that group of people
diffusion
the movement of ideas, notions, and innovations
expansion diffusion
spread of ideas through a snowballing process
hierarchical diffusion
the spread of ideas from high levels of authority to lower ones
contagious diffusion
rapid, widespread diffusion of a feature or trend throughout a population
stimulus diffusion
the spread of an underlying principle even though a specific characteristic is rejected
relocation diffusion
the spread of a feature of trend through the movement of people
folk culture
culture practical by small homogeneous groups
folk food
traditional food
folk house
common houses
folk songs
traditionally sung by the common people of a region and those of their culture
folklore
unwritten stories of a culture
habit
repetitive act performed by an individual
innovation adoption
study of how, why, and what rate new technology spreads throughout a culture
maladaptive diffusion
diffusion of an adaption that has turned harmful as time passes
material culture
visible objects that a group posses and leaves behind for the future
non-material culture
the belief, practices, and values of a group of people
popular culture
culture found in large heterogeneous societies
sequent occupance
the succeeding stages of human inhabitation over time on one site
survey systems
method used in the U.S. to identify land parcels
taboo
restriction of a behaviour imposed by a social custom
terrior
contribution of a location’s physical features to how its food tastes
traditional architecture
traditional building styles of different cultures, religions, and places
British Received Pronunciation (BRP)
the dialect of upper class British people
creole
a language that results from the mixing of a colonist’s language with the preexisting language
benglish
british and german mix
dialect
a regional variety of language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation
ebonics
dialect spoken by some african americcans
extinct language
a language no longer spoken
franglais
term used for American words that have become a part of the French language
ideograms
the system of writing often used in asian countries where each symbol represents an idea instead of a sound
indo-european
the family of languages spoken over the greater part of Europe, Asia, and Northern India
isogloss
a boundary that separates regions in which different language usages are more prevalent
isolated language
a language not attached to any other language family
language
a system of communication though sounds understood by a group of people to have the same meaning
language branch
a collection of language as related through a common ancestor
language family
language a part of the same language branch
language group
languages a part of the same language branch but very similar with a few different bits of grammar and vocabulary
language subfamily
languages a part of the same language branch but with an ancestor from a long time ago
Lingua Franca
a common language used by tradesmen
linguistic diversity
society has multiple languages
literary tradition
a language that is written as well as spoken
monolingual
a person who can only speak one language fluently
multilingual
a person who can speak more than one language fluently
official language
the language adopted for use by the government for business and publication of documents
Pidgin Languance
a shortened version of Lingua Franca
spanglish
combination of spanish and english
standard language
the form of a language used for official government business., education, and mass communications
toponymy
the study of place names
trade language
a common language spoken between traders who speak different languages
vulger latin
a form of latin used in daily conversation by ancient Romans as opposed to the standard dialect which was used for official documents
Categories: Geography