AP Human Geography Rubenstein’s Ch. 7 Vocab

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apartheid
laws (no longer in effect) in South Africa that physically separated different races into different geographic areas
Balkanization
process by which a state breaks down through conflicts among ethnicities
Balkanized
small geographic area that could not successfully be organized into one or more stable states because it was inhabited by many ethnicities with complex, long standing antagonisms toward eachother
blockbusting
process by which real estate agents convince white property owners to sell their homes at low prices because of fear that black families may soon move into the neighborhood
centripetal force
attitude that tends to unify people and enhance support for a state
multinational state
state that contains two or more ethnic groups with traditions of self-determination that agree to coexist peacefully by recognizing eachother as distinct nationalities
nationalism
loyalty and devotion to a particular nationality
nationality
identity with a group of people that share legal attachments and personal allegiance to a particular place as a result of being born there
nation state
state whose territory corresponds to that occupied by a particular ethnicity that has been transformed into a nationality
racism
beliefs that race is the primary determinant of human traits and capacities and that racial differences produce an inherent superiority of a particular race
racist
person who subscribes to beliefs of racism
self-determination
concept that ethnicities have the right to govern themselves
sharecropper
person who works fields rented from a landowner and pays the rent and repays loans by turning over to the landowner a share of the crops
triangular slave trade
a practice, primarily during the 18th century, in which European ships transported slaves from Africa to the Caribbean Islands, molasses from caribbean to Europe, and trade goods from Europe to Africa
Categories: Geography