AP Human Geography Vocab (Maps)

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Built Landscape
Represented by those features and patterns reflecting human occupation and use of natural resources.
Cultural landscape
Fashioning of a natural landscape by a cultural group
Arithmetic Density
The total number of people divided by the total land area.
Physiological density
The number of people per unit of area of arable land, which is land suitable for agriculture.
The region from which innovative ideas originate
The process of spread of a feature or trend from one place to another over time.
Relocation Diffusion
The spread of a feature or trend through bodily movement of people from one place to another.
Expansion Diffusion
The spread of a feature or trend among people from one area to another in a snowballing process.
Hierarchical diffusion
The spread of a feature or trend from one key person or node of authority or power to other persons or places.
Contagious Diffusion
The rapid, widespread diffusion of a feature or trend throughout a population.
Stimulus Diffusion
The spread of an underlying principle, even though a specific characteristic is rejected.
The arrangement of something across Earth’s surface.
Environmental Determinism
A 19th and early 20th century approach to the study of geography that argued that the general laws sought by human geographers could be found in the physical sciences. Geography was therefore the study of how the physical envoronment caused human activities.
The physical character of a place
The location of a place relative to other places
The name given to a portion of Earth’s surface.
The geometric or regular arrangement of something in a study area.
The theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives.
An area distinguished by a unique combination of trends or features.
Formal Region (uniform/homogeneous)
An area in which everyone shares in one or more distinctive characteristics.
Functional/Nodal Region
An area organized around a node or focal point.
Vernacular region (perceptual)
An area that people bilieve exists as part of their cultural identity
Generally, the relationship between the protion of Earth being studied and Earth as a whole, specifically the relationship between the size of an object on a map and the size of the actual feature on the Earth’s surface.
Geographic Information System
A computer system that stores, organizes, analyzes, and displays geographic data
Global Positioning System
A system that determines the precise position or something on Earth through a series of satellites, tracking stations, and recievers.
A circle drawn around the globe parallel to the equator and at right angles to the meridians
The numbering system used to indicate the location of meridians drawn on a globe and measuring distance east and west of the prime meridian.
The numbering systme used to indicate the location of parallels drawn on a globe and measuring distance north and south of the equator.
An arc drawn on a map between the north and south poles
Prime meridian
The meridian, designated as 0 degrees longitude, that passes through the Royal Observatory at Greenwich, England.
International Date Line
An arc that for the most part follows 180 degrees longitude, although it deviates in several places to avoid dividing land areas.
A 2D, or flat, representation of Earth’s surface or a portion of it.
Mental Map
An internal representation of a portion of Earth’s surface based on what an individual knows about a place, containing personal impressions of what is in a place and where places are located.
The system used to transfer locations from Earth’s surface to a flat map.
Remote Sensing
The acquisition of data about Earth’s surface from a satellite orbiting the planet or other long-distance methods.
Connects points of equal value
Puts features into classes and then maps classes for each region
Proportional Symbol
Adjusts size of country
Dot is some frequency
Spatial distribution of one or more specific themes.
Categories: Geography