Dependency Theory:
the notion that resources flow from a “periphery” of poor and underdeveloped states to a “core” of wealthy states, enriching the latter at the expense of the former.
The world system, the ‘core’ and the ‘periphery’
the notion that resources flow from a “periphery” of poor and underdeveloped states to a “core” of wealthy states, enriching the latter at the expense of the former.
‘Taylorism,’ assembly lines, and deskilling:
Frederick Winslow Taylor, It was one of the earliest attempts to apply science to the engineering of processes and to management. A theory of management that analyzed and synthesized workflows. Its main objective was improving economic efficiency, especially labor productivity.
* Uneven Development
Different countries, developed and advanced to a large extent independently from each other, in ways which were quantitatively unequal (e.g. the local rate and scope of economic growth and population growth) and qualitatively different (e.g. nationally specific cultures and geographical features). In other words, countries had their own specific national history with national peculiarities.
Gender Division of Labor
Labor inequalities between men and women.
Essentialism and Orientalism
E The view that, for any specific kind of entity, there is a set of characteristics or properties all of which any entity of that kind must possess. Therefore all things can be precisely defined or described. In this view, it follows that terms or words should have a single definition and meaning. O A term used for the imitation or depiction of aspects of Eastern cultures in the West by writers, designers and artists.
The Welfare State:
A welfare state is a concept of government where the state plays the primary role in the protection and promotion of the economic and social well-being of its citizens. It is based on the principles of equality of opportunity, equitable distribution of wealth, and public responsibility for those unable to avail themselves of the minimal provisions for a good life. The general term may cover a variety of forms of economic and social organization.
* Indirect Rule and Direct Rule:
Indirect- A local person is head of government, but reports to an outside group. Direct-A member of the outside group is placed as head of government.
a grouping of regions or states under a common purpose. Ie, the EU
* Bollywood:
is the informal term popularly used for the Hindi-language film industry based in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. The term is often incorrectly used to refer to the whole of Indian cinema; it is only a part of the total Indian film industry, which includes several regional film industries sorted by language.
* The Royal Geographical Society:
is a British learned society founded in 1830 for the advancement of geographical sciences. Today, it is a world center for geography: supporting research, education, expeditions and fieldwork, and promoting public engagement and informed understanding of the world’s peoples, places and environments.
Belgium and the Congo:
The Congo was a colony of Belgium, rebelled in the 60’s, and gained their independence.
The informal economy
the part of an economy that is not taxed, monitored by any form of government or included in any gross national product(GNP), unlike the formal economy. Examples are barter and gift economy.
a Sanskrit title for a “great king” or “high king”. The term Maharaj denotes separate noble and religious offices, although the fact that in Hindi the suffix ‘a’ in Maharaja is silent makes the two titles near homophones. Maharaj-Religious, Maharaja-Noble
Ethnographic Zoos:
Human zoos (also called “ethnological expositions” or “Negro Villages”) were 19th and 20th century public exhibits of humans, usually in a “natural” or “primitive” state. The displays often emphasized the cultural differences between Europeans of Western civilization and non-European peoples
‘East’ and ‘West’
West- Europe, America, Canada, Australia. East- Everything else.
* Migration, ‘push’ and ‘pull’ factors:
Push- Oppression, Poor living conditions, Pull-“Better life”, Opportunity, Freedom
Frantz Fanon
a French psychiatrist, philosopher, revolutionary, and author who supported the Algerian struggle for independence and joined the Algerian National Liberation Front. His work remains influential in the fields of post-colonial studies and critical theory. As well as being a Marxist, Fanon is known as a radical humanist thinker on the issue of decolonization and the psychopathology of colonization.
* Modernization Theory
a theory used to explain the process of modernization within societies. The theory looks at the internal factors of a country while assuming that, with assistance, “traditional” countries can be brought to development in the same manner more developed countries have. Modernization theory attempts to identify the social variables which contribute to social progress and development of societies, and seeks to explain the process of social evolution. Not surprisingly, modernization theory is subject to criticism originating among communist and free-market ideologies, world systems theorists, globalization theory and dependency theory among others.
The ‘modern’ and the ‘traditional’:
: Modern-New, Traditonal-Old
Categories: Geography