AP human geography 5 themes of geography

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Five themes of geography
Gives us a way to look at the world spatially. Movement, region, location, interaction (human environment) place
Location
Where is it? The positioning of something on Earth’s surface.
Absolute location
EXACT LOCATION on the earth using latitude and longitude, a grid system, or an address. These don’t change and are unique
Relative location (situation)
The location of a place by comparing it to another location.
-Cardinal direction
–distance
-Time
-landmarks
This term can also refer to a place in terms of how central (important) or isolated a place is in relation to other places.
Place
What physical and human characteristics can I see at a location? Physical characteristics: topography, climate, vegetation, wildlife, human characteristics: agriculture, architecture, religion, economics
Human environment interaction (HEI)
How do people relate to the physical world this term refers to the relationship of humans in their NATURAL ENVIRONMENT.
Dependence (HEI)
Humans DEPEND on their physical environment for a basic needs. Example : dependence on land for food.
Non-example: dependence on phone for communications
Adaptation(HEI)
Humans ADAPT to their physical environment. Example: adaption to desert climate by wearing head scarf. Non-example adapting to France by learning French
Modification (HEI)
Humans MODIFY their environment. Any change to the physical environment. Example: breathing, terracing for rice farming, cutting down a tree, throwing a rock in the river. Non-example:tearing down a building, installing air conditioning in the house.
Region
How are places similar?
Formal/uniform region
An area defined by a limited number of related characteristics. Example: areas where religion mostly is shared (like Latin America in Catholicism), political boundaries, areas where language is mostly shared (like Latin America and the Spanish) etc.
Functional/nodal region
Areas created by movement around a central hub or node. (example towns around the Amazon River) there must be a movement to have one of these.
Perceptual/vernacular region
these regions exist in someone’s mind. They are based on how individuals perceive a region. Boundaries and characteristics of these regions are different depending on an individuals perception. example: when I think of The south, I think of sweet tea. There are no clear boundaries between perceptual regions. Example where does the south end and the midwest begin? Example: at what location do my stereotypes/ideas about the south end?
Movement
How in why do people, goods, and ideas move? What changes resulted in the movement? (Both locations involved in movement change)