Chapter 1 AP Human Geography

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Human Geography
The study of people and places. Also how they make those places and how they interact with each other in those places.
Globalization
A set of processes that are increasing interactions, deepening relationships, and heightening interdependence without regard to country borders.
How and Why does globalization occur at the global scale?
What happens at other scales (local, regional, and national) help create the processes of globalization and shape the outcomes of globalization.
How does the study of physical geography differ from the study of human geography?
The study of human geography is the study of human phenomena on Earth. Physical geography is the study of physical phenomena on Earth
Spatial
How stuff is laid out, organized, and arranged on the Earth, and how they appear on the landscape.
List and define the Five Themes of Geography
Location: Absolute and Relative location
Human Environment Interaction: Temperature controls, building, etc
Region: Earth does not have an even distribution of resources
Place: A place is where humans give a river, mountain, or other physical meaning that they call their own
Movement: How do humans move around the planet and what do they move.
What does it mean to have a “sense of place?”
Infusing a place with meaning and emotion, by remembering important events that occurred in a place, or by labeling a place with a certain character.
Spatial interaction between places depends on what 3 things?
Distance, accessibility, and connectivity.
Cultural Landscape.
The visible imprint of human activity on the landscape.
Who was Carl Sauer?
He wrote the article “Recent Developments in Cultural Geography” in which he argued that cultural landscapes are comprised of the “forms superimposed on the physical land”
What is sequent occupance? Give YOUR OWN example.
When someone new comes and layers his imprints of technogical and cultural imprints on the land. An example is when Christopher Columbus came to the new world and imprinted his culture on the American Indians.
Cartography
The art and science if making maps
Absolute location. Give an example.
They do not change. They are always one place that is an exact location. Ex: An address
Relative location. Give an example.
Changes by who is using it. A location that is in relation to another. Ex: Behind freeman
What is a mental map? Why are they so important?
Places that we have never been to but know about the location. They are so important because they help us travel in our day to day lives without having to ask for directions or check a real map.
Activity space
Places that we travel routinely in our rounds of daily activity.
Scale
The distance on a map compared to the distance on the Earth. The other is the territorial extent of something.
Why are geographers interested in studying phenomenon at different scales?
It tells us what level of detail we expect to see.
Why do geographers separate the world into regions?
For analysis
Formal region? Give an example.
Regions that are distinguishable from others by a certain quality or characteristic. Ex: desert
Functional region? Give an example.
The product of interactions, of movement of various kinds. At least one form of spatial interaction must take place.
Perceptual region? Give an example.
Intellectual constructs designed to help us understand the nature and distribution of phenomena in human geography.
Culture
Location decision, patterns, and landscapes are fundamentally influenced by cultural attitudes and practices.
Culture trait? Give an example.
A single attribute of a culture Ex: All black clothes is an easy way to spot a hipster in Richmond.
Culture complex? Give an example.
When more than one culture has a discrete combination of traits.
Culture diffusion
It happens through the movement of people, goods, or ideas across space. It’s the spread of ideas through different places.
Expansion Diffusion
An innovation or idea develops in a hearth and remains strong there while also spreading outward.
Contagious Diffusion
A form of expansion diffusion in which nearly all adjacent individuals are affected.
Hierarchical Diffusion
A pattern in which the main channel of diffusion is some segment of those who are susceptible to what is being diffused.
Environmental determinism? Provide an example.
It holds that human behavior, individually and collectively, is strongly affected by – even controlled or determined by- the physical environment.
Possibilism? Provide an example.
The natural environment merely serves to limit the range of choices available to culture.