Chapter 1 AP Human geography Vocabulary

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Sequent Occupance:
successive societies leave their cultural imprints on a place that add up to the cultural landscape. this symbolizes Human Environment Interaction.
Cultural Landscape:
the fashioning of natural landscape by a culture group to fit their needs.
Arithmetic Density:
total number of people divided by total area of land. how many people per area of land.
Physiological Density:
people per unit of area of ARABLE land; how much land is being used by how many people.
region from which innovative ideas originate.
spread of a feature from one place to another over time.
Relocation Diffusion:
spread of an idea through physical movement from one place to another.
Expansion diffusion:
spread of a feature in a snowballing process; happens 1 of 3 ways: hierarchical diffusion, contagious diffusion, stimulus diffusion.
Hierarchical Diffusion:
spread from a person of authority to other persons and places.
Contagious Diffusion:
the rapid widespread diffusion throughout a population.
Absolute Distance:
exact measurements between two places.
Relative Distance:
approximate measurement between two places.
arrangement of things across Earth’s surface.
Environmental Determinism:
geography is the study of how the physical environment caused by human activities.
Stimulus Diffusion:
underlying principle of a characteristic spreads although characteristic failed.
Absolute Location
position marked using longitude and latitude.
Relative Location:
position relative to other features.
character of a place; what is found at the location and why it is significant.
location relative to other places.
Space Time Compression:
reduction of time to diffuse something because of improvements in Technology.
Friction of Distance:
distance requires some amount of effort, money, and/or energy so interactions tend to take place more often over shorter distances.
Distance Decay:
the farther away one group is from another, the less likely the two groups are to interact.
interconnected nodes without a center.
relationships across the barrier of space.
degree of ease to reach a certain location from other locations.
physical gap between two objects.
Spatial Distribution:
location of phenomenon across SPACE
estimation of extent
representation of real phenomenons at a level of reduction or generalization.
Formal Region: (uniform)
every one shares in common one or more distinctive characteristics like language or climate.
Functional Region: (nodal)
area organized around a node or focal point that dominates at the central focus.
Vernacular Region: (perceptual)
people believe it exists as a part of their cultural identity.
the environment may limit some human actions but people have the ability to adjust new environments.
Natural Landscape:
natural geographical feature created by nature over time.
a common property of distribution; geometric arrangements of objects in space.
Place name:
toponym; name given to a place on earth.