Geography- Central Asia

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Caspian Sea
world’s largest lake
Taliban
extreme fundamentalist Islamic organization
Dalai Lama
leader of Buddhist religion (led Tibet in Theocracy)
Alluvial Fan
fan-shaped deposits of sediment dropped by streams flowing out of the mountains; fertile area
Loess
fertile, silty soil deposited by the wind
Theocracy
religious state (Tibet)
Reason why environment is relatively clean in Central Asia
low population density
Reason for shrinking Aral Sea
use of water from rivers feeding the sea for irrigation
Climate change effects
retreat of glaciers, provides water to rivers, reduce freshwater supply, reduce precip. to arid lowlands, drier
Urbanization in Central Asia
Russian and Chinese encourage urb., very urban
Highest Population concentration
where highlands meet plains, water and fertile soil available
Migration to Tibet and Western China provinces
Han Chinese
Most common language group
Turkic lang.
Areas of current Chinese control
Xinjiang, Tibet
Most developed country
Kazakhstan
Country with the worst overall social indicators
Afghanistan
How mountain ranges were created
Central Asian highlands, formed by collision of Indian subcontinent into Asia
Country never colonized
Afghanistan was buffer state, never colonized and buffered Russian Empire from British India
Social conditions in former Soviet Republics
gender equity is good; literacy, life expectancy, education levels remain high
Problems with oil wealth
improvements in transportation, other infrastructure needed