Geography chapter 10 Central Asia

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What makes central asia?
-An extensive region in the center of Eurasia including 8 independent countries
-shared culture, environmental patterns and history
-Crossroads of Eurasia
Silk road
network of trade routes that connected China to various parts of Europe and India
Landforms of central asia
-Aral sea
-Steppe
-River valleys
General climate pattern of central asia
dry climates
What biomes relate to this climate?
-Mid-laditude desert
-Mid-laditude steppe
What major environmental threats are there in Central Asia?
-desertification
-soil erosion
Why is the Aral Sea disapearing
rivers that once flowed into the oral sea became used for irrigation, freshwater began to reduce leaving the sea extremely salty and destroyed fish stocks
Major population patterns
Population growth in Western China is due to migration of Han chinese, Afghanistan has the highest birthrate, Mongolia has smallest population
Transhumance and why its practiced
-Practice of moving livestock from one grazing area to another depending on season
-To move flocks from warm to cold climates
What patterns of language exist in Central Asia?
tibetan (main language), mongolian, turkic
What patterns of religion exist
Russia- orthodox influence, Islam in west, Tibetan and Buddhism
Why is central asia the “pivot of history”?
A land where nomadic invaders and silk road traders change destinies of states that were around its borders
Why have foreign powers been interested in Central Asia?
want influence of power, natural resources (oil), Russia wanted to limit British influence there
When did most central asain states come into existence?
1991 during the collapse of the Soviet empire when the states created by the USSR were given autonomy
What broad patterns of economic development have existed in central asia?
mining, oil production, factories
What is the primary economic activity?
Natural gas and oil