ap human geography chapter 1 terms

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define space time compression relating it to technological innovations
Space time compression is the increasing sense of connectivity that seems to be bringing people closer together even thought their distances are the same. Space time compression is the solution to distance decay because technology (internet,cell phones) is allowing us to communicate more across longer distances.
formal region
region composed of areas that have a common cultural or physical feature
spatial perspective
outlook through which geographers identify,explain, and predict the human and physical patterns in space and the interconnectedness of various spaces
situation
location of a place relative to the physical and cultural characteristics around it
perceptual region
region whose boundaries are determined by people’s beliefs, not a scientifically measurable process
intermediate directions
southeast,southwest,northeast, and northwest
human geography
branch of geography primarily concerned with analyzing the structures,processes, and location of human creations and interactions with the earth
gps
system of satellites used to determine an exact location on the global grid
gmt
baseline for time zones around the world,centered on the prime meridian
relative directions
directions commonly given by people, such as right,left,up, and down, among many others
distortion
necessary error resulting from trying to represent a round,nearly spherical earth on a flat plane or map
absolute location
position of an object on the global grid: latitude and longitude
great circles
the equator and every line of longitude paired with its twin on the opposite side of the earth form one of these
cartography
process of map making
friction of distance
degree to which distance interferes with some interaction
equidisant map
map that maintains distance but distorts other properties
geographic model
simplified version of what exists on the earth or what might exist in the future
map
two dimensional model of the earth or a portion of its surface
sense of place
person’s perception of the human and physical attributes of a location that give it a unique identity in that person’s mind
cultural ecology
study of human-environment interaction
galls-peter projection
map created by a geographer to show the relative sizes of the earth’s continents accurately. its distorts shape so it is not conformal
chloropleth map
map that shows a pattern of some variable,such as population density or voting patterns,by using various colors or degrees of shading
site
internal physical and cultural characteristics of a place, such as its terrain and dominant religions among others
Robinson Projection
map showing the world with slight distortions to all four properties,rather than having one property correct and the others drastically distorted
simplification
Cartographer’s process of eliminating unnecessary details and focusing on the information that needs to be displayed in the map
isoline thematic map
map displaying lines that connect points of equal value.
Categories: Human Geography