Ap human geography chapter 1 test

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environmental determinism
human geographers should apply laws from the natural sciences to understanding relationships between the physical environment and human actions. Humboldt and Ritter concentrated on how the physical environment caused social development
Gis(Geographic information system)
a computer system that can capture,store,query,analyze,and display geographic data.(involves storing information about a location in layers)
Gps(Global Positioning system)
a system that determines accurately the precise position of something on earth(absolute location)
maps
a tool for storing reference material and a tool for communicating geographic information.
Robinson (map)
oval shaped(straight latitude lines/prime meridian,others curved)
longitiude(prime meridian)
up and down
latitude(equator)
east and west
mercator(miller)
rectangular(latitude/longitude ae parallel line)(designed to aid navigators(oceanic proportions)
projection(distortion)
the scienctific method of transferring locations on earth’s surface to a flat map
possibilism
people have the ability to adjust to their environment
region
large areas
formal region(uniform region or homogenous region)
an area within which everyone shares in common one or more distinctive characteristics
functional region(nodal region)
an area organized around a node or focal point
vernacular region(perceptual region)
a place that people believe exists as part of their cultural identity
scale
the relationship between objects on a map and the same objects on earh
the smaller the area, the more detail,the larger the scale(classoom). the larger the area, the less detail the smaller the scale(campus)
site
the physical characteristic of a place
situtation
the location of a place relative to other places
space(spatial)
(analysis) what is going on
space assocaiation
cause, effect
time zones
15 degrees, 24 time zones,(longitude)
toponym
the names given to a place on earth
why and where
Where and why human activities are located where they are.
why-explaning, where-position
ecotourism
Responsible travel to natural areas that conserves the environment and improves the well-being of local people
meridian line principle
approach to dividing and creating boundaries that are otherwise difficult to determine at the midpoint between two places
Categories: Human Geography