AP Human Geography Chapter 1: Test Review

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What map scale would a cartographer choose if one inch of road on a map represents 54,000 inches on the ground?
A. 54,000:1
B. 1:54,000
C. 24,000: 1
D. 1:24,000
B. 1:54,000
Which is the correct written scale that describes the relation between map and Earth distances in words?
A. 1 foot represents 500 miles
B. 1 inch represents 1 mile
C. 1 inch represents 1 handlength
D. All of the above
D. All of the above
Transferring locations from Earth’s surface to a flat map is called projection. What types of distortion can occur in this transference?
A. The distance between two points may be incorrect.
B. The direction from one place to another can be distorted.
C. The relative size of different areas may be altered.
D. The shape of an area can be distorted.
D. All of the above
D. All of the above
The most fundamental concept in geography is
A. The physical landscape
B. Human-environment relationship
C. Location
D. Regional studies
C. Location
Location is identified geographically in the following ways.
A. Place-name, site, situation, mathematical location
B. Size, its relationship to the nearest natural land form, age
C. Population, northern or southern hemisphere, climate
D. All of the above
A. Place-name, site, situation, mathematical location
Geographers call the name given to a portion of Earth’s surface as its
A. Toposequence
B. Topohilia
C. Toponym
D. Topography
C. Toponym
Site is one of four ways to identify location. What are the other three ways to answer the “where” question?
A. Climate, topography, altitude
B. Water sources, soil, vegetation
C. Latitude, elevation, place-name
D. Mathematical location, situation, place-name
E. All of the above
D. Mathematical location, situation, place-name
Identify the characteristic of situation, the third way to indicate location.
A. Direction
B. Position or status with regards to conditions and circumstances
C. The location of a place relative to other places
D. Time and place
C. The location of a place relative to other places
The fourth indicator of location is by latitude and longitude. This mathematical concept consists of the following elements.
A. Meridians as part of longitude and parallels as part of latitude
B. Meridian as part of latitude, and parallels as part of longitude
C. None of the above
A. Meridians as part of longitude and parallels as part of latitude
Wall Street, the economic focus of the world, is what kind of region?
A. Nodal
B. Homogeneous
C. Vernacular
D. None of the above
A. Nodal
Spatial distribution consists of the following properties.
A. People, buildings, cars
B. Density, concentration, pattern
C. Towns, cities, states
D. All of the above
E. None of the above
B. Density, concentration, pattern
Spatial concentration consists of two types.
A. Density, patterned
B. Clustered, dispersed
C. Staggered, linear
D. All of the above
E. None of the above
B. Clustered, dispersed
Storefronts along Fifth Avenue in New York City consist of which kind of spatial distribution?
A. Dispersed
B. Patterned
C. Staggered
D. All of the above
B. Patterned
The Spanish language concentration of Little Havana in Miami is an example of what type of diffusion?
A. Stimulus diffusion
B. Relocation diffusion
C. Expansion diffusion
D. Hierarchical diffusion
B. Relocation diffusion
A map generally has all of the following attributes EXCEPT:
A. Two-dimensional
B. 1:1 scale
C. Spatial data
D. Symbolic representation
B. 1:1 scale
If it is 12:00 noon Greenwich Mean Time (GMT), what time will it be in Los Angeles, California?
A. 3:00 pm
B. 7:00 am
C. 4:00 am
D. 8:00 pm
C. 4:00 am
Which map scale shows the most detail?
A. 1:250,000
B. 1:24,000
C. 1:100,000
D. 1:62,500
B. 1:24,000
Land reclamation in the form of polders and dikes has dramatically changed the ecology of:
A. Nicaragua
B. Nevada
C. Namibia
D. The Netherlands
D. The Netherlands
What region is most commonly identified as part of the sunbelt?
A. South-central Arizona
B. New Orleans
C. Central Texas
D. Virginia
E. South Florida
F. Los Angeles-San Diego
F. Los Angeles-San Diego
A formal region which of the following?
A. Is based on the perception of the local people
B. Includes the core and periphery of economic development
C. Is a product of political, economic or social interaction
D. Has clearly defined physical criteria, cultural traits or governmental boundary
E. Is centered around a node
D. Has clearly defined physical criteria, cultural traits or governmental boundary
Select the most correct statement from the choices below.
A. Data from different maps and sources, such as field data, map data, and remotely sensed images, can be registered together at the correct geographic location within a common database, with a common map scale and map projection.
B. GIS are automated systems for the capture, storage, retrieval, analysis, and display of spatial data.
C. GIS is used mainly in overlay analysis, where two or more layers of data are superimposed, or integrated.
D. Each type of information is stored as an information layer.
E. All of the above
E. All of the above
Select the most incorrect statement.
A. Chile is depicted as having undifferentiated highlands.
B. California has a Mediterranean climate.
C. Uruguay’s climate is classified as similar to Equador’s.
D. Madagascar’s west coast is classified as seasonally humid tropical.
E. The region immediately south of the Sahel is classified as similar.
C. Uruguay’s climate is classified as similar to Equador’s.
Identify the incorrect statement.
A. The equator (0º latitude) is the parallel with the largest circumference and is the place where every day has 12 hours of daylight.
B. The numbering system used to indicate the location of parallels is called longitude.
C. Every meridian has the same length and the same beginning and end points.
D. Longitude, a human creation, runs through Greenwich because England was the world’s most powerful country in the eighteenth century, when meridians were first measured.
E. Parallels are circles drawn around the globe parallel to the equator at right angles to the meridians.
B. The numbering system used to indicate the location of parallels is called longitude.
Which city is located eight hours earlier than London (Greenwich)?
A. Chicago
B. Los Angeles
C. Honolulu
D. Denver
E. New York
B. Los Angeles
True/False: The greatest disadvantage in using a Mercator map projection is the shape is significantly distorted.
A. True
B. False
B. False
True/False: GIS is the acronym for Geologic Influenced Survey.
A. True
B. False
B. False
True/False: Regional (area) analysis emphasizes interactions among places, whereas spatial (locational) analysis integrates the geographic feature of an area.
A. True
B. False
B. False
True/False: Arithmetic density consists of two measures, with area being one of them.
A. True
B. False
A. True
True/False: The concept of standard time zones was established by U.S. railroads in the 19th century.
A. True
B. False
A. True
True/False: Regional studies, a school of geographic thought sometimes referred to as the cultural landscape approach, was initiated in France during the 19th century. One of the most famous American geographers to adopt this approach was Carl Sauer of the University of California, Berkeley.
A. True
B. False
A. True
True/False: It is not necessary to use both longitude and latitude to identify locations.
A. True
B. False
B. False
True/False: There are inhabited areas in the world, such as New Guinea and Patagonia, that do not have a place-name.
A. True
B. False
B. False
True/False: The prime meridian passes through the Royal Observatory in London, England.
A. True
B. False
B. False
True/False: Remote sensing data is information collected from a distance. From a distance is generally considered to be large – hundreds of miles or more.
A. True
B. False
A. True
True/False: The smallest feature on Earth’s surface that can be detected by a sensor is the resolution of the scanner.
A. True
B. False
A. True
True/False: Satellite-based remote sensing does not have sufficient resolution for crop identification.
A. True
B. False
B. False
True/False: Alexander von Humboldt and Carl Ritter believed that human geographers should apply laws from the natural sciences to understanding relationships between the physical environment and human actions – a geographic approach sometimes known as cultural ecology.
A. True
B. False
A. True
True/False: A formal region contains a selected feature or trend throughout.
A. True
B. False
A. True
True/False: The sunbelt and the frostbelt are vernacular regions.
A. True
B. False
A. True
True/False: With much of the city of New Orleans prone to flood hazard, its situation is clearly more important than its site.
A. True
B. False
A. True
True/False: The township and range system of land surveying is most common in New England and other Eastern Seaboard states.
A. True
B. False
B. False
True/False: Initially developed for military applications and commercial aviation, GPS devices are now common to personal and recreational activities.
A. True
B. False
A. True
True/False: Mariners of the so-called Age of Exploration could determine longitude more easily than latitude.
A. True
B. False
B. False
True/False: The concept of culture has several meanings.
A. True
B. False
A. True
True/False: Environmental determinism is the belief that the physical environment is a significant causal factor in human behavior.
A. True
B. False
A. True
True/False: Some attempts to alter the physical environment for the betterment of humans, like water-control efforts in South Florida, have had unforeseen and negative consequences.
A. True
B. False
A. True
True/False: According to Kant, thinking about spatial arrangements is to the study of geography as the arrangement of events in temporal sequence is to the study of history.
A. True
B. False
A. True
True/False: The concept of space-time compression suggests that innovations in transportation and communication have effectively shrunk our world.
A. True
B. False
A. True
True/False: The diffusion of AIDS cases in the United States progressed from the West Coast, through the middle states, and eventually reached the cities of the East Coast.
A. True
B. False
B. False
True/False: A Formal Region is the same thing as a Vernacular Region
A. True
B. False
B. False
A Vernacular region
A. Is based on the perception of the local people
B. Has clearly defined boundaries
C. Is a product of political, economic or social interaction
D. Is based on physical criteria such as soil type or precipitation
E. Is determined by an informal sense of place
A. Is based on the perception of the local people
True/False: A Vernacular Region is the same thing as a Perceptual Region
A. True
B. False
A. True
An example of a perceptual region is which of the following?
A. The wheat growing region
B. The South
C. The Sahara Desert
D. Nevada
E. A radio station listening area
B. The South
An example of stimulus diffusion is
A. Diseases, such as influenza
B. Rap music
C. McDonald’s Vegetable Burger w/cheese
D. Catholicism in Mexico
E. Ideas on the World Wide Web
C. McDonald’s Vegetable Burger w/cheese
Which geographer is associated with the concept of Cultural Landscape?
A. Derwent Whittlesey
B. Colin Renfrew
C. Wilbur Zelinsky
D. Immanuel Wallerstein
E. Carl Sauer
E. Carl Sauer
Each group which inhabits an area leaves an imprint on the landscape. The imprint of earlier groups is present and can influence the landscape in the future. This concept is
A. Spatial interaction
B. Sequent occupance
C. Connectivity
D. Future imprinting
E. Spatial perspective
B. Sequent occupance
The cultural hearth of Christianity is
A. Rome
B. Mecca
C. Jerusalem
D. Egypt
E. Bethlehem
C. Jerusalem
Categories: Human Geography