AP Human Geography Chapter 6: Religion Vocab

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Religion
a strong belief in a supernatural power or powers that control human destiny
animism
Belief that objects, such as plants and stones, or natural events, like thunderstorms and earthquakes, have a discrete spirit and conscious life.
buddhism
the teaching of Buddha that life is permeated with suffering caused by desire, that suffering ceases when desire ceases, and that enlightenment obtained through right conduct and wisdom and meditation releases one from desire and suffering and rebirth
christianity
a monotheistic system of beliefs and practices based on the Old Testament and the teachings of Jesus as embodied in the New Testament and emphasizing the role of Jesus as savior
confucianism
The system of ethics, education, and statesmanship taught by Confucius and his disciples, stressing love for humanity, ancestor worship, reverence for parents, and harmony in thought and conduct.
ethnic religion
A religion with a relatively concentrated spatial distribution whose principles are likely to be based on the physical characteristics of the particular location in which its adherents are concentrated.
exclave
a part of a country that is separated from the rest of the country and surrounded by foreign territory.
enclave
an enclosed territory that is culturally distinct from the foreign territory that surrounds it
fundamentalism
Literal interpretation and strict adherence to basic principles of a religion (or a religious branch, denomination, or sect).
geomancy (feng shui)
Divination by means of signs connected with the earth (as points taken at random or the arrangement of particles thrown down at random or from the configuration of a region and its relation to another)
hajj
the fifth pillar of Islam is a pilgrimage to Mecca during the month of Dhu al-Qadah
hinduism
a body of religious and philosophical beliefs and cultural practices native to India and characterized by a belief in reincarnation and a supreme beingof many forms and natures, by the view that opposing theories are aspects of one eternal truth, and by a
interfaith boundaries
Boundaries between the world’s major faiths
islam
the monotheistic religion of Muslims founded in Arabia in the 7th century and based on the teachings of Muhammad as laid down in the Koran
jainism
religion founded in the 6th century BC as a revolt against Hinduism
judaism
the monotheistic religion of the Jews having its spiritual and ethical principles embodied chiefly in the Torah and in the Talmud
monotheism
belief in a single God
polytheism
belief in multiple Gods
mormonism
a term used to describe religious, ideological, and cultural aspects of the various denominations of the Latter Day Saint movement. It is practiced around the world, but is concentrated in Utah.
muslim pilgrimage
If physically and financially able, a Muslim makes a pilgrimage to Makkah. (Mecca) They usually make the trip around Ramadan. This pilgrimage is also referred to as Hajj. It is important because Islam is one of the most popular religions practiced around the world.
muslim population
It is the religion of 1.3 billion people in the world. It is the predominant religion of the Middle East from North Africa to Central Asia. Half of the world’s Muslims live in four countries outside the Middle East: Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and India. It is important because Islam is one of the most popular religions practiced around the world.
proselytic religion
Referred to as a Universalizing Religion, which is an attempt to be global, to appeal to all people, wherever they may live in the world, not just to those of one culture or location. There are three religions that practice this they are Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism. To proselytize is to try to convert another person to your religion. This important to human geography because these are three of the biggest religions in the world they are practiced all over the world.
reincarnation
the Hindu or Buddhist doctrine that person may be reborn successively into one of five classes of living beings (god or human or animal or hungry ghost or denizen of hell) depending on the person’s own actions
religious architectural
Church, mosque, etc.
religious conflict
this is the conflicts between religions. One of these is Israel-Palestine. This consists of Roman Takeovers, Muslim conquests, and the crusades. This affects human geography because there has been a lot of bloodshed over Religious Conflict.
religious toponymy
the origin and meaning of the names of religions, or places with names relating to religious backgrounds.
landscapes of the dead
The certain areas where people have commonly been buried
sacred space
place or space people infuse with religious meaning; Ex) Jerusalem – Christianity (Church of the Holy Sepulchre), Judaism (Western Wall), and Islam (Dome of the Rock); Catholicism – The Vatican; Islam – Mecca, Medina; Hinduism – Varanasi & The Ganges River; …
shamanism
The practice of identifying special individuals (shamans) who will interact with spirits for the benefit of the community. Characteristic of the Korean kingdoms of the early medieval period and of early societies of Central Asia. (p. 292)
secularism
a doctrine that rejects religion and religious considerations
sharia law
the code of law derived from the Koran and from the teachings and example of Mohammed
shintoism
Religion located in Japan and related to Buddhism, focuses particularly on nature and ancestor worship.
sikhism
the doctrines of a monotheistic religion founded in northern India in the 16th century by Guru Nanak and combining elements of Hinduism and Islam
sunni
A branch of Islam whose members acknowledge the first four caliphs as the rightful successors of Muhammad
shia
a Muslim group that accepts only the descendants of Muhammed’s son-in-law Ali as the true rulers of Islam
syncretism
the union (or attempted fusion) of different systems of thought or belief (especially in religion or philosophy)
taoism
philosophical system developed by of Lao-tzu and Chuang-tzu advocating a simple honest life and noninterference with the course of natural events
theocracy
the belief in government by divine guidance
universalizing
religions that attempt to be global, to appeal to all people, wherever they may live in the world, not just to those of one culture or location.
zoroatrianism
religious belief
monotheistic religion,
based on the teachings of a prophet called zoroaster (or zarathustra),
world was created by ahuramazda (wise lord),
Categories: Human Geography