AP Human Geography: Migration and Remittances

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Permanent move to new location
Intervening Obstacles
Environmental: Mountains, Transportation; 18/19th century by boat or land
Political: Passport to emigrate, visa to immigrate
Forced to migrate to another country cause of violence, disasters, persecution
Most IDP and Refugees
Rubenstein’s Laws of Migration
A. Most migrants relocate a short distance and remain within same country EX. Inter/Intraregional Migration

B. Long distant migrants go to other countries with major eco. activity EX. Volunt. International Migration

C. Most migrate for eco. reasons EX. Looking for jobs

D. Pol/Env. factors induce migration, but not as much as eco. factors EX. Persecution/NYC

E. Long Distance Migrants are mostly male EX. 55% male immigrants in 21st century

F. Long Distance Migrants are mostly adults not families w/ children EX. Most Migrated only for jobs

Top 10 Greatest Modern Migration
NW Europe –> US, Canada
Iberia –> Cent/S. America
British Isles –> S. Africa, Australia, New Zealand
W. Africa –> Caribbean, SE USA, Coastal Brazil
India –> Britain, S. Africa, SE Asia
China –> SE Asia, NW USA
W. Russia –> Siberia, Central America
Israel (Palestine) –> Europe, Mid East, N. Africa, Cent. Asia, Ethiopia
USA –> Latin America
W. Europe –> N. Africa, Mid East
Greatest Involuntary Migration in History
Africa; Slave Trade
US Quota Laws of 1920s
Migration declined
-Most Europeans admitted because of higher talent
Push Factors
Induces people to move OUT of present location
– Political Instability, Poverty, Disasters, Lack of Opportunities, Unemployment
Pull Factors
Induces people to move IN of present location
– Economic Opportunities, Rel/Pol freedom, Kinship ties, Better life
A person who migrates to another country and sends back to their home country
Top 3 Countries with Highest Remittances in 2006
Mexico, India, China
Why do People Want to Move to Suburbs?
Suburban lifestyle; Houses with yards, parks, safer community
Net migration from urban to rural migration
How can the Gravity Model be applied to Migration patterns?
People travel short distances because it has a greater bond in terms of culture, ethnicity
Current migration trend in US
Stage 2
Migration transition model states that International migration begins at this stage of DTM
Categories: Human Geography