AP Human Geography: Migration and Remittances

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Migration
Permanent move to new location
Intervening Obstacles
Environmental: Mountains, Transportation; 18/19th century by boat or land
Political: Passport to emigrate, visa to immigrate
Refugee
Forced to migrate to another country cause of violence, disasters, persecution
Most IDP and Refugees
Syria
Rubenstein’s Laws of Migration
A. Most migrants relocate a short distance and remain within same country EX. Inter/Intraregional Migration

B. Long distant migrants go to other countries with major eco. activity EX. Volunt. International Migration

C. Most migrate for eco. reasons EX. Looking for jobs

D. Pol/Env. factors induce migration, but not as much as eco. factors EX. Persecution/NYC

E. Long Distance Migrants are mostly male EX. 55% male immigrants in 21st century

F. Long Distance Migrants are mostly adults not families w/ children EX. Most Migrated only for jobs

Top 10 Greatest Modern Migration
NW Europe –> US, Canada
Iberia –> Cent/S. America
British Isles –> S. Africa, Australia, New Zealand
W. Africa –> Caribbean, SE USA, Coastal Brazil
India –> Britain, S. Africa, SE Asia
China –> SE Asia, NW USA
W. Russia –> Siberia, Central America
Israel (Palestine) –> Europe, Mid East, N. Africa, Cent. Asia, Ethiopia
USA –> Latin America
W. Europe –> N. Africa, Mid East
Greatest Involuntary Migration in History
Africa; Slave Trade
US Quota Laws of 1920s
Migration declined
-Most Europeans admitted because of higher talent
Push Factors
Induces people to move OUT of present location
– Political Instability, Poverty, Disasters, Lack of Opportunities, Unemployment
Pull Factors
Induces people to move IN of present location
– Economic Opportunities, Rel/Pol freedom, Kinship ties, Better life
Remittances
A person who migrates to another country and sends back to their home country
Top 3 Countries with Highest Remittances in 2006
Mexico, India, China
Why do People Want to Move to Suburbs?
Suburban lifestyle; Houses with yards, parks, safer community
Counterurbanization
Net migration from urban to rural migration
How can the Gravity Model be applied to Migration patterns?
People travel short distances because it has a greater bond in terms of culture, ethnicity
Current migration trend in US
Suburban
Stage 2
Migration transition model states that International migration begins at this stage of DTM
Categories: Human Geography