AP Human Geography-Unit 4

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Federal
A political-territorial system wherein a central government represents the various entities within a nation-state where they have common interests
Gerrymandering
Redistricting for advantage, or the practice of dividing areas into electoral districts to give one political party an electoral majority in a large number of districts
Heartland
the part of a region considered essential to the viability and survival of the whole, esp. a central land area relatively invulnerable to attack and capable of economic and political self-sufficiency.
Landlocked
having no direct access to water.
Mini State
small independent nation
Nation
a large body of people, associated with a particular territory, that is sufficiently conscious of its unity to seek or to possess a government peculiarly its own
Nation-State
a sovereign state inhabited by a relatively homogeneous group of people who share a feeling of common nationality.
National Iconography
Figural representations, either individual or symbolic, religious or secular; More broadly, the art of representation by pictures or images, which may or may not have a symbolic as well as an apparent or superficial meaning.
Reapportionment
Process by which representative districts are switched according to population shifts, so that each district encompasses approximately the same number of people
Regionalism
a foreign policy that defines the international interests of a country in terms of particular geographic areas
Reunification
To cause (a group, party, state, or sect) to become unified again after being divided.
Satellite State
Formally independent, but under heavy influence or control by another country
Self-Determination
the ability of a government to determine their own course of their own free will
Shatter Belt
an area of instability between regions with opposing political and cultural values
Sovereignty
A principle of international relations that holds that final authority over social, economic, and political matters should rest with the legitimate rulers of independent states
State
Has a defined territory, a permanet population, a government, and is recognized by other states.
Stateless Nation
Nation that does not have a state.
Suffrage
The right or privelage to vote.
Supranationalism
outside or beyond the authority of one national government, as a project or policy that is planned and controlled by a group of nations.
Territorially
A country’s or more local community’s sense of property and attachment toward its territory, as expressed by its determination to keep it invoidable and strongly defended.
Theocracy
A state whose government is under the control of a ruler who is deemed to be divinely guided
Treaty Ports
Cities opened to foreign residents as a result of the forced treaties between the Qing Empire and foreign signatories. In the treaty ports, foreigners enjoyed extraterritoriality.
Annexation
the formal act of acquiring something (especially territory) by conquest or occupation
Apartheid
a social policy or racial segregation involving political and economic and legal discrimination against non-whites
Balkanization
Process by which a state breaks down through conflicts among its ethnicities
Border Landscape
1. Exculsionary- Meant to keep people out 2. Inclsionary- Meant to facillitate trade and movement
Natural Boundary
When a physical feature such as a mountain or river determine a political boundary
Physical Boundary
Political Boundaries that correspond with physical features such as mountains or rivers.
Unitary
characterized by or constituting a form of government in which power is held by one central authority
Geopolitics
The interplay among geography, power, politics, and international relations.
Categories: Human Geography