AP Human Geography Unit 4 terms

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Political Geography
spacial analysis of the political process
Political Culture
the values shared by one society
Nation
organized body of humanes in one group and under one goverment
Nation-State
A country
State
territory organized by a nation
Microstate
a state or territory that is very small
Nationalism
those howm share the ability to love and die for a country
Sovereignty
government free from external control
Boundary
lune that indicates the limit of something
Boundary Definition
The written legal description of a boundary between two countries or territories.
Boundary Delimitation
the process of putting a boundary on a map
Boundary Demarcation
The actual placing of a political boundary on the landscape by means of barriers, fences, walls, or other markers.
Enclaves
country that is surrounded by another territory
Exclave
a part of a country that is seperated from the rest of the country and surrounded by foreign territory.
Geometric Boundary
a political boundary that is delimitated by a straight line
Physical Political Boundary
a boundary defined by a physical landmark
Cultural Political Boundary
a boundary that has been marked by a humane
Antecedent Boundary
a boundary that existed before the cultural landscape emerged and stayed in place while people moved in to occupy the surrounding area
Subsequent Boundary
a boundary that developed with the evolution of the cultural landscape and is adjusted as the cultural landscape changes
Superimposed Boundary
a boundary that has been imposed on to another land ignoring the other
Relict Boundary
A political boundary that has ceased to function but the imprint of which can still be detected on the cultural landscape
Geopolitics
study of government and its policies as affected by physical geography
Organic Theory
The view that states resemble biological organisms with life cycles that include all stages of life
Heartland Theory
hypothesis proposed by Halford Mackinder that any political power based in the heart of Eurasia could gain enough strength to domnate the world
Rimland Theory
Nicholas Spykman’s theory that the domination of the coastal fringes of Eurasia would provide the base for world conquest
Centrifugal
things that force something to move away from a area
Centripetal Force
things that cause or force something to move to an area
Colonialism
exploiting a smaller country than yours for your own reasons
Core Area
the portion of a country that contains its economic, political, intellectual, and cultural focus.
Multicore Area
A state that possesses more than one core or dominant region, be it economic, political or cultural.
Federal State
An internal organization of a state that allocates most powers to units of local government.
Unitary State
An internal organization of a state that places most power in the hands of central government officials
Foward Capital
when the capitals in middle of goverment
Electoral Geography
The study of the geographical elements of the organization and results of elections.
Gerrymander
dividing a voting area to give your own party an unfair advantage
Supranationalism
Term applied to associations created by three or more states for their mutual benefit and achievement of shared objectives
Law Of The Sea
law stating that any land within a certain distance, be it either water or sky
Truman Proclamation
Policy of the United States With Respect to the Natural Resources of the Subsoil and Sea Bed of the Continental Shelf
Median Line Principle
lines made to distribute water ways when states are within 200 miles of each other
International Sanctions
Punishments in the form of economic and diplomatic limits, or even isolation
Exclusive Economic Zone
area in which resources found up to 200 nautical miles offshore belong exclusively to the geographically bordering country
Globalization
growing on a global or world-wide scale
Devolution
moving from high to low amount of influentle power or standard of living
New World Order
period of history evidencing a dramatic change in world politics effecting the balance of power
Ethnonationalism
The identification and loyalty a person may feel for his or her nation.
Gateway State
a state that absorbes the culture and traditions of it’s neighbors
Colonies
territories controlled by other countries
Territories
land that belongs to a nation but is not a state and is not represented in the national government
Stateless nation
A nationality that is not represented by a state.
Nationalism
the aspiration for national independence felt by people under foreign domination
Quasi states (‘statelets’)
Areas that want to become their own state
Shatterbelts
zones of great cultural complexity with small cultural groups who find refuge in the isolation created by rough terrain
Categories: Human Geography