Ch. 5 Physical Geography

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Appalachian Mountains
One of two major mountain chains in the eastern United States and Canada, extending 1,600 miles from Newfoundland south to Alabama.
Great Lakes
A group of five lakes of central North America between the United States and Canada. (Huron, Ontario, Michigan, Erie, and Superior)
Canadian Shield
Northern part of the interior lowlands that is a rocky, flat covering nearly two million square miles and encircling Hudson Bay.
Rocky Mountains
Major mountain system of the United States and Canada, extending 3,000 miles from Alaska south to New Mexico.
Continental Divide
Line of the highest points in North America that marks the separation between rivers flowing eastward and westward.
Great Plains
Vast grassland of central North America that is largely treeless and ascends to 4,000 feet above sea level.

Has a Fertile Soil that has allows us to grow large amount of food to export.

Permafrost
Permanently frozen ground.
Prevailing Westerlies
Winds that blow from west to east.
Everglades
Large subtropical swampland in Florida of about 4,000 square miles.
Nomad
Person with no permanent home who moves according to the seasons from place to place in search of food, water, and grazing land.
Beringia
Land bridge thought to have connected what are now Siberia and Alaska.

Focused on staying near areas of water.

St. Lawrence Sea
North America’s most important deep water ship route, connecting the Great Lakes to the Atlantic Ocean by way of the St. Lawrence River.

Allows huge vessels to sail into the Great Lakes to the Atlantic Ocean

Lock
Section of a waterway with closed gates where water levels are raised or lowered, through which ships pass.
What are landforms are shared by the United States and Canada
Tropical (Wet/ West and Dry) climates are find in only the United States.

Appalachian Mountains are shared by the Canada and the United States

Interior lowlands that are part of North America are Canadian Plains, Canadian Shield, and Great Plains.

Why are the Great Lakes important to both the United States and Canada?
Largest Lakes that are shared by the United States and Canada. Connects by the St. Lawrence Seaway to the Atlantic Ocean.

Erie Canal is also used as a navigable water link between the Atlantic Ocean to Great lakes.

Why do most of Canada’s exports go the United States?
Energy exports to the United states because we consumes more energy than any other country.

United States shares borders with Canada.

Have a martial respect with one another economically and politically.

How do the prevailing westerlies change the climate of parts of the United States and Canada?
Marine west coast is impacted by Prevailing westerlies, Pacific Ocean Current, and coastal mountains.

The clashing of Hot temperatures near the Equator with the colder air of Canada greatly impacts the mild climates of the United Stats regions.

In which region would you find the dry climates?
Dry Climates are find typically in the Great Plains, and the Northern Great Basin.

In addition it can be located in Southwest.

In which climate type would you find Everglades?
Places such as South Florida where a tropical Wet and Dry climate occurs.
What factors affect the choice of location of a city?
Cities are created as a result of river like Minnesota, Illinois, Wisconsin, and Louisiana.

Access to agriculture has greatly affected the North American region.

Water access (St. Lawrence Seaway) in addition to climate (Like in Montreal) and landscape (Northeast) and natural resources (West of US/California)

Why is the St. Lawrence Seaway important?
Connects the Great Lakes to the Atlantic Ocean. Allows the Northeast to use the agricultural resources as well became a manufacturing and industrial center as a result.

Allows large ocean vessels to connect to both regions of North America.

How did methods of moving people and goods across the continent change over time?
Moving started in the phase of walking to one location to the next.

The Development of canals connected areas of the regions to profit on one another like the development of Erie Canal and St. Lawrence Seaway.

Railroads created the development of National unity in Canada and the United States.

Finally the development of the Highway system made it easier to travel as a whole.

Categories: Physical Geography