Rubinstein Chapter 1

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Scale is
The relationship between the length of an object on a map and that feature on the landscape.
1:24,000 is an example of what kind of scale?
Fractional scale
What elements of study do human and physical geography have in common?
They are concerned with where things occur and why they occur where they do.
Which map would have the largest scale?
A system for transferring locations from a globe to a flat map is
A computer system that stores, organizes, retrieves, analyzes, and displays geography data is
Which of the following is a fundamental element of culture?
Customary beliefs, social forms, material traits (all of the above)
The science of map making is
To geographers, the spread of McDonalds’ around the world represents
economic and cultural globalization
The name given to a portion of Earth’s surface is known as
Situation identifies a place by its
location relative to other objects.
Site identifies a place by its
unique physical characteristics
You are given the coordinates 128 E longitude, 45 N latitude. This is an example of
Mathematical location
Which is true?
Every meridian is the same length and has the same beginning and end.
A ship’s positions given as 0 degrees latitude and 27 degrees west longitude. We can conclude from this information that the ship is located
on the equator
The township and range system
resulted in a gridlike pattern for much of present-day land use in the United States
The arrangement of a phenomenon across the Earth’s surface is
An area distinguished by one or more unique characteristics is a
The state of Texas is the best considered a formal region because
The same state laws apply everywhere in the the region.
Culture means to
care about something and take care of something (A&B)
According to environmental determinism
the physical environment sets limits on human actions
the concept that the physical environment limits human actions, but that people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment is
The study of how humans and the environment interact is called
cultural ecology
Which of the following best describes the idea of a cultural landscape?
a landscape where human activity has modified the natural environment in any way.
The frequency of something within a given unit of area is
The population of the U.S. is approximately 300 million, and the land area is approximately 9 million square kilometers. The arithmetic density of the U.S. is approximately
30 persons per square kilometer
A hearth is
a region from which a feature or trend spreads.
Which is a form of expansion diffusion?
Stimulus, hierarchical, and contagious (all of the above)
The historic diffusion diffusion of HIV/AIDS in the U.S. is an example of which type of diffusion?
Elements of globalization of culture include all but
maintaining local traditions
The global movement of money has been enhanced primarily by
improvement in electronic communications
Globalization of the economy has
heightened economic differences among places
The U.S Land Ordinance of 1785 divide much of the country into a system of
Quarter sections, townships, ranges, sections (all of the above)
The concept that the distribution of one phenomenon is related to the location of other phenomena is
spacial association
The spread of something over a given study area is
Which is not a common practice of transnational corporations?
Relocate command centers from more developed countries.
Geography is not concerned with the study of physical processes
Parallels converge at the North and South poles.
The numbering system used to indicate the location of meridians is called latitude
Every map projection distorts the surface of the Earth in some way.
A map displays in full detail what lies on the Earth’s surface
Distribution refers to the arrangement of observable phenomena across Earth
A high degree of dispersion within an ares indicates high density
A new piece of land created by draining and area is called a polder.
Geographers generally reject environmental determinism for possibilism.
The idea that the physical environment limits human actions but that people have the ability to adjust that environment is called possibilism
The frequency of a phenomenon in a give study area is known as density.
The communication revolution that promotes globalization of culture also permits preservation of cultural diversity.
Categories: Physical Geography