World Geography Chapter 1- A Geographer’s World

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What are some questions to ask about geography?
What is the land like, what is the weather like, and what are the people like?
By studying how the world works, what do geographers look at?
what causes mountains and tornadoes
What so geographers have to act like?
scientists
What do geographers do after they gather data?
examine in detailcarefully
What do geographers do to gather data?
make observations and take measurements and study images
What are some aspects of geography that cannot be measured?
people and their lives and governments and languages
What kind of science is geography?
social sceince
Explain social science
it deals with people and how they live and to gather this data, geographers visit places and talk to people and learn about that place
What are the 3 levels of geography?
local, regional, and global
explain the local level of geography
issues are addressed at a local level. such as how they live, how their governments work, how they get around and how they eat
explain regional level
Geographers study regions so they can look at a bigger chunk of the world because looking at the world is just to big
Geographers also study regions to see interaction between 2 different regions
how are regions created?
by physical characteristics such as mountains, climate, and plants, or big land-forms such as the Sahara and the Rockies
What are some human characteristics that may define a region?
language, religion, history
explain global level
geographers may want to know how people interact globally such as looking at how imports are used or how different countries interact
understanding this interaction can help us understand our changing world
What tools do geographers use the most?
maps and globes
What can maps be used for?
to show where land-forms are and where countries and cities are
What are globes used for?
although they only show location and some of their features, it shows how the world actually is
Are maps 100% accurate?
No, because the world is round, a map has to be slightly altered to get on a flat page
What are advantages of maps?
they are easier to work with, can show smaller areas, can be very detailed, can tell facts about a place such as languages, ancestors, and statistics
What is more tool used by geographers?
satellite images, measuring devices, notebook, tape recorder, programs to update, complete, and compare maps
What are satellite images good for?
they help with accurate maps
What are the five themes?
location, place, human-environment interaction, movement, regions
describe location
What is the location of the place? Where is the place on a map?
What is absolute location?
an exact or specific location
What is relative location?
a general location of a place
describe place
What is the place like?
physical characteristics- landscape, animals, climate
human characteristics- clothes, food, language, traditions
describe human environment interaction
How do people interact/adapt to the environment?
Movement
How do people goods, and ideas move?
Regions
How are places similar or different to each other?
formal region- government/physical
functional region- defined by a function
perceptual region- defined by perception
Why are there so many branches and why do we need them all?
all the branches help us understand planets and our world, but seperatley don’t do alot
What does a physical geographer wan to know?
about different features and what causes them
How to geographers learn about different features and their causes?
they take measurements and create detailed records of the info
they study height,temp, location, weather, etc
Why do geographers need to study the world and how it works?
without a full understanding of features and their cause and effects, we can’t understand our world
we can also study changes so we can be prepared for disasters and we can adjust to the dangers and changes
What do human geographers do?
study past and present humans and what they do
no one can study every aspect and as a result, geographers specialize in certain areas
How and why do human geographers address the needs of cultures?
every one has mostly the same needs and they study how to address these by looking at where people go and need and them design the city accordingly
How to geographers study human geography?
by working with private groups and government agency
knowing about certain cultures can help us understand another culture
What are some of the smaller fields of geography?
economic, urban, climate, soil, plants
What is cartography?
the study of map making
in the past, maps where drawn by hand but are now made on computers with the help of satellites on any scale
What is hydrology?
the study of water on Earth
rivers, rainfall, droughts, floods
measure and protect the world’s water supply and keep the drinking water clean
What is meteorology?
the study of weather patterns in a certain area
prediction of weather that can help people prepare and possibly saving lives
What are the 6 Essential elements?
world in spatial terms, place and regions, physical systems,
human systems, environment, the uses of geography
What are the some of the geography standards for world in spatial terms?
how to use maps and other geological representatives
mental maps
What are some of the geography standards for place and regions?
how people create regions
What are some of the geography standards for physical systems?
distribution and characteristics of ecosystems
processes that shape the Earth
What are some of the geography standards for human system?
facts about cultural groups such as settlement, division and control of the Earth, and population
What are some of the geography standards for environment and society?
actions modify environment
physical systems affect human systems
resources
What are some of the geography standards for the uses of geography?
apply geography to interpret past/ present and plan for the future
Categories: Geography