World Geography: Unit 2 Vocabulary

Published by admin on

Innovation
A new idea or proposal
Primary, Secondary, Tertiary, and Quaternary Activities
Different sections that comprise an economy
Primary
“Take” (One of the different sections that comprise an economy)
Secondary
“Make” (One of the different sections that comprise an economy)
Tertiary
“Sell” (One of the different sections that comprise an economy)
Quaternary
“Create” (One of the different sections that comprise an economy)
Population Pyramid
A graph or chart that illustrates the distribution of various age groups in a population (typically that of a country or region of the world), which forms the
shape of a pyramid when the population is growing.
Urban Geography
The study of people and processes in cities and towns.
Political Systems
The set of formal legal institutions that constitute a government or a state.
Mortality Rate
The number of deaths per unit, usually 1000, of population in a given place
and time.
Fertility Rate
The average number of children a woman of childbearing years would have in
her lifetime, if she had children at the current rate for her country.
Cultural Hearths
A site of innovation from which basic ideas, materials, and technology
diffuse to many cultures.
Human Geography
The study of the world, its people, communities and cultures.
Culture
The beliefs, customs, arts and other products of human thought of a particular
society.
Per Capita Income
The average wage of the inhabitants of an economic unit (city/country)
Gender
The state of being male of female
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
How much everything is worth during a specific time period in a specific country
Infant Mortality Rate
The ratio of the number of deaths in the first year of life to the number
of live births occurring in the same population during the same period of time.
Birth Rate
The proportion of newborns/births to the total population at a given time and place; usually expressed as a quantity per 1000 of population.
Migration
The action of moving from one location took another (whatever the distance)
Rate of Natural Increase
The difference between the number of live births and the number of
deaths occurring in a year, divided by the mid-year population of that year, multiplied by a
factor (usually 1,000).
Population
The amount of people that inhabit a certain area
Cultural Diffusion
The spreading of culture throughout the world as well as the “inter-mingling” of cultures
Economic Systems
Systems of production and exchange of goods and services, as well as the
allocation of resources in a society.
Development Levels
The measurement of the quality of life people in a certain area (country or region)
Globalization
The action of spreading something worldwide in a scope of application, meaning everybody around the world can use it
Agriculture
the art or job of fertilizing and cultivating the land, raising animals (livestock), and growing crops.
Carrying Capacity
The most number of organisms that can live/survive forever in an environment
Population Density
The number of people (population) in a small unit of area
Push-Pull Factors
The ____ ______ involves a force which acts to drive people away from place, and the ____ ______ is what draws them to a new location (Like permanent tourism).
Ethnicity
The particular racial, national, or cultural group one is associated with. This includes customs, beliefs, and language.
Race
A group of related people who share a common decent or heredity (a.k.a. ancestry).
Language
A system used to communicate between humans; it often changes with culture.
Religion
An organized system of beliefs, ceremonies, and rules used to worship (the one true) God or a group of gods (such as Orthodox Christianity).
Categories: Geography