What is Geography and how do you describe it?
Geo = Earth and Graphy = Pictures. Physical features of this earth, its atmosphere, and human activity.
What are spatial features?
Populations, resources, land use, and people or places
Who are scientists that deal with earths surface?
What is a thematic map?
Data map for a specific subject or purpose
What is an isoline thematic map?
Continuous lines joining points of the same map
What is a dot thematic map?
Shows spatial pattern, symbol to show presence of a feature or phenomenon.
What is a shaded thematic map?
Shows growth amongst different cities or places, typically darker in color if more populated.
How do we define places and locations?
Human and physical characteristics.
-A variety of phenomena created by, or affecting people
-nonhuman process and environments
What are large scale maps?
if you can see your house, names of streets, or pittsburg on a paper that is large scale.
What are small scale maps?
United States map, you cant see boundaries, world maps
What are relevant issues in globalization?
social, political, economic, and environment
How do we divide the world (first, second and third worlds)?
Democracy – Study of human population in terms of numbers, density, growth, decline, and movement.
Birth Rate – death rates per 1000 of population
Death Rate – death rates per 1000 of population
TFR – average number of births per women, in her lifetime
What are 3 main approaches to geographic studies?
Distribution – people, natural resources, diseases, special spread of phenomenon.
Density – Frequency of a phenomenon, population density, and number of people per square mile
Diffusion – Movement of people, ideas, items, patterns, expansion, hierarchical and relocation.
What is spatial phenomenon? Such as distribution, density, and diffusion.
A phenomenon is a fact, occurrence, or circumstance observed or observable within nature. Therefore, a spatial phenomenon is a phenomenon that requires two descriptors: “what is present, and where it is.”
What is the study of human population?
population refers to a collection of humans. DEMOGRAPHY is a social science which entails the statistical study of human population.
What is birth rate?
The number of live births per 1000 of population
What is death rate?
The ratio of deaths to the population of a particular area during a particular time period. Calculated as the number of deaths per one thousand people per year.
What is TFR?
Total Fertility Rate compares figures for the average number of children that would be born per woman.
What is a population pyramid?
Geographical illustrations that show various age groups in a population (country or region)
What is a demographic transition model?
Refers to the transition from high birth and death rates to low birth and death rates as a country develops from a pre-industrial to an industrialized economic system.
How can we measure wealth, poverty, and human development?
Gross National Income (GNI), Gross Domestic Product (GDP), Human Development Index (HDI), and Gender Development Index (GDI).
What is GNI?
Gross National Income, is the total domestic and foreign output claimed by residents of a country
What is GDP?
Gross Domestic Product, is the nations total economic activity. (goods and services produced within a nations boarder)
What is HDI?
Human development Index, is the countries rates based on an average persons life expectancy, education, attainment, and personal income.
What is GDI?
Gender Development Index, is the measure of gender equality.
What are the characteristics of different economic sectors?
Economies are made up of Primary, Secondary, Tertiary sectors. Extraction and harvesting of natural products from earth is primary. Processing and manufacturing and construction is secondary, and service makes up the Tertiary sector
What are the current trend of world population and the projected population in 10, 20, or 30 years?
What are major aspects of each sub-region and important aspects of overseas exploration in the 1400s.
What happened in terms of global economic changes in the region?
What is NATO?
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization, also known as the North Atlantic Alliance, is a Intergovernmental military alliance bases on the North Atlantic Treaty. Its main purpose is to safeguard the freedom and security of its members through political and military means.
What is the EU?
The European Union, which is a politico-economic union of 28 member states that are located in Europe. Each state is independent but they agree to trade under agreements made between the nations.
What are some historical aspects of the EU: From beginning to present.
What are Different groups of member countries in the EU?
There are nine different groups and they consist of,
What are two categories to pass and apply for membership to join the EU?
Demography of Europe, especially in Western Europe: population, TFR, and relevant problems.
What is the EU’s share of world GNP as of 1999 and 2002?
What are some relevant issues and problems of foreign labors in sub regions?
What are some physical and economical aspects of major rivers and adjacent countries in Europe?
Which countries show relatively higher and lower HDI and GDP in the region?
Is there Growth Population in Europe?
No, there is a shortage of people in the younger working age groups.