Ancient History Test 1

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Crops grew well in Mesopotamia because
farmland was fertile and water was nearby
Which two land features gave Mesopotamia its name?
the Tigris River and the Euphrates River
You are a farmer in ancient Mesopotamia and grow 500 bushels a year. Your family uses 300 bushels a year. What do you have?
a surplus of 200 bushels
People came to work as craftsmen in Mesopotamia because of
division of labor
What is the difference between canals and rivers?
Canals are made by people. Rivers are natural.
Which is the best explanation for why Mesopotamians built canals?
They needed a way to control the river’s flow.
Which statement best describes the development of a civilization?
If they have a steady food supply, people can develop a complex society.
The Nile River flows through two important regions in Egypt called.
Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt
The Nile River Valley was well suited for settlement. Which of the following statements supports this fact?
The geography included areas for farming.
Besides providing a stable food diet, what other advantage did Egypt’s location provide for early Egyptians?
It had natural barriers to protect against invaders.
Pyramids are
roral tombs with four triangle-shaped sides that meet a point on top.
Which of the following best describes a dynasty?
series of rulers from the same family
Which statement best describes the burial practices of Egyptians?
Egyptians preserved bodies as mummies.
Why were the tombs filled with art, tewelry, and other treasures?
Egyptians believed the dead enjoyed such materials in the afterlife.
Whose tomb. discovered in 1922, taught us much about Egyptian burial practices and beliefs?
King Tutankhamen
Which word describes a large landmass that is smaller than a continent?
subcontinent
The mountains of northern India are called the
Himalayas
Over time, the Indus River Valley became ideal for farming. Which of the following events took place first?
Heavy snows fell in the Himalayas.
India’s monsoons are seasonal. What does this reveal about the moonsoons?
The monsoons occur in a regular pattern.
Make a prediction: Which of the following would most likely have happened if Indian farmers had not learned how to irrigate their fields?
Villages would not have grown along the rivers.
In which language did Aryans write their poems and hymns?
Sanskrit
Mesopotamia is an area of land between Asia minor and the _____________.
Persian Gulf
The southern part of Ancient Egypt was called
Upper Egypt
Branches of the Nile fanned out to form a __________ , a triangle-shaped area of soil deposited by a river.
delta
Flooding along rivers created good
farmland
Mesopotamia means “the land between two rivers” in greek
true
Irrigation mad farmers in Mesopotamia more productive
true
Egypt was called the gift of the Nile because the Nile never flooded the land around it.
false
The Nile River is the second longest river in the world.
false
Egyptian farmers farmers built canals to direct the flow of the Nile and carry water to their fields
true
The Mediterranean Sea made it easy for other countries to invade Egypt.
false
The highest mountains in the world separate India from Africa.
false
Scholars do not know why Harappan civilization ended.
true
A large arc of fertile farmland
Fertile Crescent
A mix of rich soil and small rocks
silt
A way of supplying water to an area of land
irrigation
Human-made waterways
canals
More goods than are needed
surplus
The world’s first system of writing
cuneiform
A ruler of a kingdom or empire
monarch
The title used by rulers of Egypt
pharaoh
steep rapids along a river
cataracts
People from rich and powerful families
nobles
traders
merchants
Categories: Ancient