Apush Ch 22

Published by admin on

The Progressive movement switched emphasis from the state to the federal level because
A) it encountered failure in tying to regulate business at the state level
B) it wanted to expand its success in reforming state governments to the federal government
C) the Supreme Court had overturned its state reforms
D) the trusts had gained influence over Congress
E) the federal government experienced a loss of power after 1900
A) it encountered failure in tying to regulate business at the state level
The one branch of the U.S. government capable of providing leadership to the national reform movement of the early 1900s was the
A) Supreme Court
B) House of Representatives
C) Senate
D) presidency
E) district courts
D) presidency
President Teddy Roosevelt’s philosophy is best described as
A) Populism
B) Socialism
C) Social Darwinism
D) conservative Progressivism
E) radical Progressivism
D) conservative Progressivism
President Roosevelt saw his reforms as a way to
A) bring prosperity to the working class
B) return America to the path intended by the Founding Fathers
C) prevent radicalism from taking control in the future
D) end corruption in government
E) pass England as an economic power
C) prevent radicalism from taking control in the future
President Teddy Roosevelt believed that corruption in big business could be controlled by
A) destroying corporate power completely
B) applying the pressure of an informed public
C) breaking up all trusts
D) allowing market forces to function
E) extending suffrage rights
B) applying the pressure of an informed public
At heart Teddy Roosevelt was a
A) trust buster
B) trust regulator
C) trust builder
D) trust monopolist
E) trust killer
B) trust regulator
President Teddy Roosevelt’s economic program was hampered in his first term by
A) conservatives in Congress
B) accusations of accepting illegal payments
C) his preoccupation with winning re-election
D) a general strike in 1902
E) uncooperative state agencies
C) his preoccupation with winning re-election
In the election of 1904, President Teddy Roosevelt won an overwhelming victory for all of the following reasons except
A) he maintained the federal government’s policy of supporting employer demands in labor strikes
B) he had neutralized his opposition from within the Republican party
C) the Democrats fielded a weak candidate
D) he pursued business reforms without antagonizing financial leaders
E) he argued that Americans had been provided a “square deal”
A) he maintained the federal government’s policy of supporting employer demands in labor strikes
In the election of 1904, Teddy Roosevelt ran against
A) William McKinley
B) Mark Hanna
C) William Jennings Bryan
D) Alton B. Parker
E) John Muir
D) Alton B. Parker
President Teddy Roosevelt’s 1904 reform program was called the
A) New Federalism
B) Square Deal
C) Fair Deal
D) New Frontier
E) New Deal
B) Square Deal
One reform that was passed during Teddy Roosevelt’s second term was
A) the Emergency Banking Act
B) the National Securities Act
C) the Sheppard-Towner Act
D) the National Recovery Act
E) the Pure Food and Drug Act
E) the Pure Food and Drug Act
Support for the Meat Inspection Act of 1906 was generated by Upton Sinclair’s novel,
A) The Jungle
B) Progress and Poverty
C) The Shame of the Cities
D) The Bitter Cry of Children
E) How the Other Half Lives
A) The Jungle
In 1907, President Teddy Roosevelt proposed all of the following measures except
A) eight-hour work days
B) increased compensation for victims of industrial accidents
C) deregulation of the stock market
D) inheritance and income taxes
E) broader compensation for injured workers
C) deregulation of the stock market
The reaction by Congress to President Teddy Roosevelt’s reform programs revealed
A) the need for more drastic measures
B) the impatience of people with the complex reform process
C) a growing split in the Republican party
D) the inability of Democrats to take the initiative
E) a lack of any opposition to his policies
C) a growing split in the Republican party
President Teddy Roosevelt’s conservation policy showed his desire to
A) all of the answers below
B) preserve all public lands in the United States
C) side with conservatives in Congress
D) halt construction of dams on western rivers
E) put the government in charge of natural resource management
E) put the government in charge of natural resource management
President Teddy Roosevelt’s conservation policies were influenced by
A) J. P. Morgan
B) William Howard Taft
C) Upton Sinclair
D) Robert La Follette
E) Gifford Pinchot
E) Gifford Pinchot
The Panic of 1907 showed
A) the need for looser banking regulations
B) the largely uncontrolled nature of banking and the stock market
C) the extent to which demand for American goods had outstripped supply
D) the weakness of a government-regulated economy
E) the strength and consistency of the stock market
B) the largely uncontrolled nature of banking and the stock market
For the election of 1908, William Howard Taft enjoyed the support of all of the following except
A) the Progressives
B) the Conservatives
C) William Jennings Bryan
D) Teddy Roosevelt
E) the Republican party
C) William Jennings Bryan
Taft differed from Teddy Roosevelt in all of the following ways except
A) he was a passive man
B) he was less dynamic
C) he was an obese man
D) he believed in following the letter of the law
E) he believed in completely conservative principles
E) he believed in completely conservative principles
The main result of the Payne-Aldrich Tariff of 1909 was to
A) end protective tariffs completely
B) raise tariff rates significantly
C) make little change in the tariff rates
D) lower tariff rates substantially
E) discourage further use of tariffs
C) make little change in the tariff rates
During his first year in office, President Taft showed himself to be
A) all of the answers below
B) an aggressive reformer
C) in tune with public opinion
D) less progressive than some people had thought
E) a charismatic and idealistic leader
D) less progressive than some people had thought
President Taft fired Gifford Pinchot for
A) turning over public lands to private developers
B) leaking internal administration matters to the press
C) refusing to release some forest land for development
D) asking Teddy Roosevelt to intervene in an administration matter
E) accepting illegal campaign contributions
B) leaking internal administration matters to the press
In 1910, Teddy Roosevelt reacted to Taft’s actions as president by
A) traveling to Washington to confer with Taft
B) supporting Taft for reelection
C) switching to the Democratic party
D) setting out on a speaking tour to announce his position
E) urging La Follette to run against Taft
D) setting out on a speaking tour to announce his position
In 1912, Teddy Roosevelt reacted to President Taft’s actions by
A) announcing his own candidacy
B) supporting William La Follette
C) supporting Woodrow Wilson
D) supporting Taft for reelection
E) announcing his conversion to socialism
A) announcing his own candidacy
The New Nationalism referred to the
A) need for patriotism
B) granting of more power to state governments
C) need for an isolationist foreign policy
D) need for federal work relief programs
E) call for a strong federal government
E) call for a strong federal government
In Teddy Roosevelt’s New Nationalism speech, he called for all of the following reforms except
A) an end to all trusts
B) an income tax
C) workers’ compensation
D) tariff revision
E) regulation of child labor
A) an end to all trusts
The congressional elections of 1910 showed that the people
A) all of the answers below
B) wanted a return to reform
C) supported Taft
D) were unhappy with the Progressive insurgents
E) rejected the ideals of progressivism
B) wanted a return to reform
Teddy Roosevelt opposed Taft’s handling of the antitrust suit against U.S. Steel because
A) U.S. Steel was not a major violator
B) breaking up U.S. Steel would hurt the economy
C) it reflected badly on Roosevelt’s presidency
D) Taft acted too slowly
E) he believed trusts should be banned
C) it reflected badly on Roosevelt’s presidency
In the election of 1912, Teddy Roosevelt
A) lost the Republican nomination and supported Taft for re-election
B) lost the Republican nomination and supported the Democrat for president
C) lost the Republican nomination and ran as a third-party candidate
D) won the Republican nomination but lost to the Democrat in the general election
E) failed to gain any support as a third-party candidate
C) lost the Republican nomination and ran as a third-party candidate
To progressives, the Republican party convention of 1912 symbolized the
A) triumph of the progressive spirit in America
B) lack of clear leadership within the party
C) power of the common man in American politics
D) downfall of Teddy Roosevelt
E) the victory of party leaders over the rank and file
E) the victory of party leaders over the rank and file
As a politician, Woodrow Wilson possessed all of the following characteristics except
A) he was willing to compromise
B) he was self-righteously moral
C) he was energetic and firm
D) he was a dynamic leader
E) he was committed to reform
A) he was willing to compromise
Woodrow Wilson’s program was called the
A) New Nationalism
B) New Freedom
C) New Frontier
D) Square Deal
E) New Deal
B) New Freedom
Woodrow Wilson and Teddy Roosevelt differed fundamentally on the issue of
A) antitrust laws
B) income tax
C) presidential power
D) conservation
E) a close alliance with England
A) antitrust laws
Wilson won the election of 1912 because
A) America split along ideological lines
B) he won all of the debates
C) Teddy Roosevelt became involved in a scandal
D) Teddy Roosevelt and Taft split the Republican vote
E) Teddy Roosevelt withdrew from the race
D) Teddy Roosevelt and Taft split the Republican vote
President Wilson wielded his power in all of the following ways except
A) he used the veto liberally
B) he delegated little authority to others
C) he used his position as head of the Democratic party to influence Congress
D) he held close control over his cabinet
E) he aggressively pursued passage of reforms
A) he used the veto liberally
In its first two years, the Wilson administration persuaded Congress to pass legislation that took all of the following actions except
A) creating an income tax
B) regulating the banking industry
C) establishing an agency to regulate trade
D) lowering protective tariffs substantially
E) instituting a series of new antitrust cases
E) instituting a series of new antitrust cases
Woodrow Wilson’s most important piece of domestic legislation was the
A) Federal Trade Commission Act
B) Taft Labor Act
C) Federal Reserve Act
D) Underwood-Simmons Tariff
E) Clayton Antitrust Act
C) Federal Reserve Act
The Federal Reserve System represented
A) firm federal control over the banking industry
B) an attempt to decentralize banking
C) a compromise between public and private interests
D) a means of instituting the subtreasury system
E) an attempt to weaken the Bank of the United States
C) a compromise between public and private interests
The Federal Trade Commission Act allowed business regulation through all of the following means except
A) the seizure of corporations engaged in monopolistic activities
B) advising of corporations on whether their behavior was acceptable to the government
C) the investigation of corporate behavior
D) the outlawing of “unfair trade practices”
E) an increase in the government’s authority in business issues
A) the seizure of corporations engaged in monopolistic activities
After backing away from further reforms in late 1914, Wilson began pushing reforms again because
A) the Supreme Court overturned some of his previous reform measures
B) a new round of major business scandals occurred
C) the economy turned downward
D) the United States entered World War I in 1914
E) Democrats lost heavily in the 1914 elections
E) Democrats lost heavily in the 1914 elections
President Teddy Roosevelt’s foreign policy was dominated by his belief that
A) all peoples should be granted the right of self-determination
B) it is the right and duty of civilized nations to intervene in the affairs of uncivilized nations for the common good
C) only free trade can ensure a stable world economy
D) the United States’ support of Japan in its rise as an industrialized world power would help ensure world peace
E) isolation from foreign affairs would maintain prosperity at home
B) it is the right and duty of civilized nations to intervene in the affairs of uncivilized nations for the common good
In 1905, Teddy Roosevelt intervened to force a peace in a war between
A) Russia and Japan
B) Japan and China
C) China and Britain
D) Britain and Russia
E) Russia and Germany
A) Russia and Japan
The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine stated that
A) European nations could use force to collect debts in Latin America
B) the United States would not allow any new European investments in Latin America
C) European ships would have to pay for the privilege of using the Panama Canal
D) the United States could intervene in the internal affairs of Latin American nations to preserve stability
E) free trade was no longer a major facet of American foreign policy
D) the United States could intervene in the internal affairs of Latin American nations to preserve stability
The United States originally planned for its inter-ocean canal to go through the country of
A) Colombia
B) Nicaragua
C) Mexico
D) Guatemala
E) El Salvador
B) Nicaragua
President Teddy Roosevelt secured the Canal Zone in Panama by
A) engineering a Panamanian revolt against Colombia
B) threatening Panama with the use of force
C) negotiating a treaty with Colombia
D) invading the capital of Colombia
E) urging the English navy to attack Panama
A) engineering a Panamanian revolt against Colombia
The term “Dollar Diplomacy” refers to the
A) efforts of the Taft administration to gain the support of small Latin American countries by paying off their debts
B) paying of bribes to Latin American politicians
C) policy of using investment to further U.S. economic interests in Latin America
D) spreading of goodwill by U.S. tourists in the Caribbean
E) creation of heavily regulated markets in Asia
C) policy of using investment to further U.S. economic interests in Latin America
President Wilson used “morality” to justify intervention in all of the following nations except
A) Haiti
B) Guatemala
C) Dominican Republic
D) Nicaragua
E) Mexico
B) Guatemala
During the period 1900-1915, the United States offered support to the Mexican leader
A) all of the answers below
B) Venustiano Carranza
C) Pancho Villa
D) Victoriano Huerta
E) Porfirio Diaz
A) all of the answers below
The work of George Marsh led Americans to fear that deforestation would cause all of the following environmental disasters except
A) deforested land might become a desert
B) deforested land might lose its topsoil
C) streams on deforested land might dry up
D) deforested land might cause global warming
E) deforested land might lose its stabilizing influence on the natural environment
D) deforested land might cause global warming
Categories: History