APUSH Chapter 28 Terms

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Open Door Policy
A policy proposed by the US in 1899, under which ALL nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.

Significance: This policy did not include the consent of the Chinese, and was another form of imperialism.

John Hay
American secretary of state who attempted to preserve Chinese independence and protect American interests in China

Significance: Pioneered the open-door policy and Panama canal.

Theodore Roosevelt
1858-1919. 26th President. Increased size of Navy, “Great White Fleet”. Added Roosevelt Corollary to Monroe Doctrine. “Big Stick” policy. Received Nobel Peace Prize for mediation of end of Russo-Japanese war. Later arbitrated split of Morocco between Germany and France.

Significance: Known for: conservationism, trust-busting, Hepburn Act, safe food regulations, “Square Deal,” Panama Canal, Great White Fleet, Nobel Peace Prize for negotiation of peace in Russo-Japanese War

Panama Canal
(TR) , The United States built the Panama Canal to have a quicker passage to the Pacific from the Atlantic and vice versa. It cost $400,000,000 to build. Columbians would not let Americans build the canal, but then with the assistance of the United States a Panamanian Revolution occurred. The new ruling people allowed the United States to build the canal.

Significance: As one of the great engineering feats of the time, it reduced shipping costs by cutting more than 7,000 miles and helped extend U.S. naval power by allowing the fleets to move between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.

Roosevelt Corollary
(TR) , Roosevelt’s 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in South and Central America by using military force, first put into effect in Dominican Republic.

Significance: This doctrine justified U.S. intervention in the affairs of Latin American nations if their weakness or wrongdoing warranted such action.

“Big Stick Policy”
A policy enacted by President Roosevelt that encouraged being peaceful in making resolutions but use force if necessary.

Significance: Acted as an international policemen.

Great White Fleet
16 American battleships, painted white, sent around the world to display American naval power

Significance: Roosevelt sent the Navy on a world tour to show the world the U.S. naval power. Also to pressure Japan into the “Gentlemen’s Agreement.”

Russo-Japanese War
(1904-1905) War between Russia and Japan over imperial possessions.

Significance: Japan emerges victorious.

Boxers
A Chinese secret society that blamed the country’s ills on foreigners, especially missionaries, and rose in rebellion in 1899-1900

Significance: Wanted to preserve China and Chinese traditions.

Categories: History